. are the abbreviations of
OF ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY: an
by virus that causes
of the immunological
of the body.
Due to this virus, the immunological
(that includes the lymphocytes of the blood, the
and the lymphatic glands) cannot produce antibodies that protect the organism against the
The virus that causes it is the Virus of Human Immunodeficiency or VIH (also HIV; of
) of that there are two main types, 1 and 2, and multitude of variants.
At the present time one calculates that 30 - 40 million people are infected anywhere in the world.
It is the cause commonest of death in the western world in men of 25 to 44 years.
of virus VIH
relations without protection.
Use of needles or contaminated injections.
with blood or derivatives contaminated.
(to occur the hand,
kiss, etc. It is necessary an intimate
with contaminated fluids (serum, blood, etc.
The carrying person of virus VIH IS NOT
RISK FOR the GENERAL POPULATION.
Signs and symptoms.
can not produce symptoms, or
picture like the
, that lasts one week and usually it is not related to the
. Later it passes
of months in which some is no symptom, and the tests to detect the
are negative, since months in becoming take positive, not being able to assure his result until about six months after the suspicious
In the following phase, of
, already the analytical tests have been positivado, detecting the antibodies in the blood.
The third phase is
more or less inactive and prolonged phase. The patient is well,
, that is advancing inexorably. In this stage, the medication is effective to reduce the viral load and to delay the appearance of the
Phases fourth and villa:
they are the beginning of the
. The immunological defenses already are too much debilitated to protect the organism. The virus also
cells and appear:
fatigue, loss of
, of the digestive apparatus, the skin, etc. that respond bad or they do not respond to the conventional treatments.
Inflamed fever, lymphatic ganglia, buccal increase as large as bazo, diarrea, ulcers and opportunistic
by agents (virus,
or fungi) who usually do not cause
in the healthy people.
Factors of risk.
Manifold even masculine homosexuals.
Manifold even heterosexual.
Exhibition of the workers of hospital,
from laboratory to blood and other fluids of VIH patients.
Pinchazos with infected needles.
born of positive
Transfusions before 1985, when the tests settled down to discard it in the blood donation points.
with affected people, or known drug users intravenous.
will have to be restricted to pairs of the well - known
To use you reduce for the
and anal penetration.
To avoid the
relations when they are had wounded or
in the parts pudendas (penis,
To avoid intravenous drug self administration.
Not to share syringes. Not to use syringes without sterilizing.
To avoid transfusions of nonregistered blood.
Diagnosis and treatment.
The analytical tests can not give positive up to 6 months after the
The precocious diagnosis is very recommendable.
To avoid to expose
To avoid conducts of risk for the others.
Psicoterápico treatment or medical advice to avoid the produced
to suffer the
immediately the groups of aid of the
To treat any
To hospitalize if there are serious complications.
Until the moment the
does not have cures,
there is control of the same and medication that it avoids that the
The present treatments, that combine three or more antiviral medicines, like zidovudina, inhibitors of the protease and inhibitors nucleósidos of transcriptasa inverse are not able to delay or to slow down the advance of the
Exercise must be made daily.
To maintain an feeding
To avoid nonpasteurizada milk or potentially contaminated foods.
systems by opportunistic germs: Neumocistitis, Toxoplasmosis, Citomegalovirus, Candida albicans, Tuberculoses, etc. are most
of skin (Sarcoma de Karposi) and linfomas (
of the lymphatic cells) are frequent.
Also the encefalopatía and the
by the VIH.
. Nevertheless the symptoms can be reduced and the
can that is not developed with the suitable medication, in 5 to 15 years, after giving to positive virus VIH.
population group (the slow progresores) that by
is resistant to the
, not developing it or evolving very slowly.
Once it appears the
, the average time of survival is of two years and average; although the new treatments improve year after year this statistic.