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Used Part.

The fruits.

Active Principles.

Essential oil (1 - 4%) pinene, Caryophyllene, limonene, phellandrene; resin: Piperine and other secondary amines (piperilina, piperitina, piperinina)

Drug Action.

A low dose is stimulating the central nervous system and digestive secretions. A higher dose is diaphoretic and tenífugo. It is also a bactericide, preservative in food and in topical use, rubefaciente and estornutatorio.


Dyspepsia hiposecretoras, prevention of gastroenteritis. In external use: osteo inflammation, myalgia, muscle contractures, boils.


Hypersensitivity to the pepper.

Gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcus, hemorrhoids.

Side Effects.

Preparations of black pepper irritate the skin and mucous membranes and may trigger allergic reactions.

Caution / Poisoning.

Its use can cause excessive bleeding and seizures.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Use a food.

External use: liniment, salves.


Bruneton, J. Elements of Phytochemistry and Pharmacognosy. Zaragoza: Acribia, 1991, pp. 263, 401 - 3.

James, A; Duke, Ph. D. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. 5. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 1987, pp. 184, 321; 382 - 3, 431; 434; 521; 563.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take II. Paris: Masson, 1967, pp. 110 - 114.

Samuelsson, G. Drugs of Natural Origin. A Textbook of Pharmacognosy. Stockholm: Swedish Pharmaceutical Press, 1992, pp. 84; 141.

Trease, GE, Evans, WCh. Pharmacognosy. Mexico City: Inter - MacGraw - Hill, 1991, pp. 625 - 6.

Van Hellemont, J. Compendium of Phytothérapie. Bruxelles: Association Pharmaceutique Belge, 1986, p. 297.

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