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Castilian: saffron.

English: Saffron.

Egyptians, Israelites and Greeks, it took much appreciation for their medicinal properties. In the Modern Age, their virtues were exaggerated to the point that Hetodt, German physician of the seventeenth century, as recommended for all ills, from toothache to the plague. Nowadays it is used more as a condiment than as a remedy. It is the most expensive spice of all known.

HABITAT: grows in Mediterranean countries. Spain is a leading producer of the world. It is also cultivated in some Latin American countries.

Description: bulbous plant of the family of Iridáceas of 10 - 15 cm. tall, which gives a beautiful lilac - colored flowers. At the center of each flower there are 3 orange stigmas of the saffron is obtained from itself.

Properties and indications: saffron contains a bitter principle (picrocina) a coloring (crocina) and an essential oil. It has digestive properties, snacks and Carmine. In addition, it is emenagogo and can relieve menstrual pain. Externally concentrated infusion is used to rub his gums of children and alleviate the discomfort of teething own.

Use: make an infusion with some snipped saffron per cup of water. Be sweetened with honey, molasses (sugar cane honey) or brown sugar. To use externally, using a concentrated infusion to be prepared with the amount of saffron enough so that water acquires a dark brown.

Drug Action.

The crocina (CROC) is a marked effect lipid; the picrocrocósido is a bitter substance, with action and aperitive eupéptica. The saffron is also stimulating the nervous, and emenagogo, via outsourcing, calm the pain and dental gums. For its essential oil, is Carminative, spasmolytic and eupéptico.


Pregnancy, particularly dust and concentrated extracts.

Do not prescribe dosage forms with alcohol content to children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Caution / Poisoning.

At very high doses can be emetic, abortion and produce dizziness and severe bleeding. Lethal dose for adults = 20 g. cases of poisoning come mostly from its use as an abortifacient)

Take into account the alcohol content of the fluid extract and tincture.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Internal use:

Using food as a condiment.

Infusion: 2 g / l. One to three cups a day.

Dust: 200 - 300 mg / day, as eupéptico - Carminative; 0. 50 to 1 g per day, as emenagogo.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 5 - 10 drops once or twice a day.

Tincture (1: 10) 20 - 40 drops three times daily, as Carmine.

External use:

Tincture: applying friction gum.


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