CHERRY () - HIPERnatural.COM
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Spanish: Cherry.

English: Cherry.

Used Part.

The stems of the fruit.

Fruit: Using a food.

Place of origin: almost all species native to Europe, Asia Minor and North Africa.

Etymology: Prunus, Latin name of the wild plum. Avium, from the Latin, meaning of the birds, alluding to the consumption of fruit for the birds.

Description: deciduous tree that can reach 25 meters in height, with the smooth crust, ringed, reddish brown, which is apparent in wide - band cross. Leaves simple, oblong - ovate, acuminate, from 7. 5 - 12. 5 cm. and 3. 5 - 5 cm in length. width, booklets at the ends of short twigs. Irregularly serrated margin. Make hairless and instead more or less pubescent. Petiole 4 - 5 cm. long, with reddish 2 - 3 glands near the limbus. When falling leaves acquire a reddish - orange hue very decorative. White flowers 2 - 3 cm. in diameter that appear before or while the leaves. Is available in hacecillos axillary umbeliformes 2 - 6 cm. long, with long stems. Globose fruits, fleshy, depressed at the apex of 1 cm. in diameter, or slightly higher in reared. They are blackish - red, not pruinosos.

Cultivation and uses: The wood is heavy, hard, highly esteemed in turnery, woodwork, for the manufacture of furniture, tools and sheets. Of fruit produced liquor known "Kirsch. " Cultivated as a fruit tree, and sometimes with ornamental purposes.

Active Principles.

Salicylic derivatives, potassium salts, tannins, flavonoids. The fruits are rich in anthocyanins.

Drug Action.

The flavonoids and potassium salts give it diuretic properties. For its content in derivatives Salicylic be given a febrífugo and analgesic action.

The juice from the fruit (especially of varieties violacé) is a vitamin P and is often used as flavoring syrups.

The acetone extract of the stems experimentally produced a cardiotonic effect, increasing the inotropic in a 20 - 25% (Paris et al. 1995)

Properties and indications: wild cherries, and also cultivated, contain a balanced combination of active ingredients that make this product an excellent food - medicine:

Carbohydrates: easily assimilated sugars (including diabetics) in the form of fructose or levulose, whose number ranges from 3% to 15%.

Vitamins: carotene (provitamin A) in appreciable amount, as well as small amounts of B vitamins and vitamin C.

Minerals: iron, calcium, phosphorus, sulfur, sodium, potassium and foremost, as well as a wide range of trace elements (zinc, copper, manganese, cobalt, etc. Which give the cherries remineralizing properties and toning the body.

Natural acids: malic, and citric Succinic, whose percentage depends on your taste more or less acidic, and that act as stimulants and digestive glands as a cleaner blood.

Soluble fiber plant: pectin in small quantity, which gives them a mild laxative effect.

Flavonoids, which make them slightly diuretic.

Salicylic acid in small proportion (about 2 mg per kilogram of cherries) which gives them some anti - inflammatory effect and antiartrítico.

The stems of the fruits (cherry stems) contain minerals (especially potassium) and flavonoids, principles to which they owe their mild diuretic action, secure and free from side effects. They constitute one of the best known diuretic plant. Will particularly benefit from this medicinal product:

The obese and pletóricos, who will lose weight without risk of malnutrition or mineral imbalance. In addition, cherries are the property of alleviating the sense of hunger.

The arthritic and gout, who will lower the levels of uric acid in their blood and relieve joint pain.

Those who suffer from inflammation of the urinary tract (pyelonephritis or cystitis) due to chronic infection or stone (urinary calculi)

Those who suffer from constipation due to chronic laziness or intestinal slack because they possess a gentle laxative and tonic effect throughout the digestive duct.


Do not prescribe dosage forms with alcohol content to children under two years or consultants in the process of alcohol addiction.

Caution / Poisoning.

The use of diuretics in the presence of hypertension or heart disease, should be done only by prescription and under medical supervision, given the possibility of occurrence of decompensation or tension, if the elimination of potassium is considerable, enhancing the effect of cardiac.

Take into account the alcohol content of the extract fluid and dyeing.

Use: the cure of cherries are consumed as food only half a kilo of ripe fruit, 4 or 5 times a day for 1 - 2 days. If the cherries are wild, it is recommended to take a smaller amount, then contain a greater proportion of active ingredients. Those who suffer from weakness or gastric slow digestions, they must take the cherries boiled. It is recommended interlayer between takes of fruits, several cups of tea stems (tails)

In decoction of stems, making it boil 50 grams of cherry stems (fresh or dried) for 5 minutes. They take several cups a day, either alone or in combination with a cure for cherries.

Galenica forms / Dosage.

Decoction: 30 to 50 g / l, boil 10 minutes. Take half a liter a day. If the stems are fresh, macerate for 12 hours in advance.

Fluid extract (1: 1) 30 - 50 drops, three to five times a day (1 to 3 g / day)

Tincture (1: 5) 50 - 100 drops, one to three times a day.


Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M. Dans la Plantes Les Thérapeutiques Moderne. 2. Paris: Maloine, 1986, p. 348.

Bézanger - Beauquesne, L; Pinkas, M; Torck, M; Trotin, F. Medicinal plants of temperate Regions. Paris: Maloine, 1980, p. 205.

Fernandez, M; Nieto, A. Medicinal Plants. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 1982, p. 143.

Mulet, L. Ethnobotanical survey of the province of Castellon. Castellon: Provincial, 1991, p. 351.

Paris, RR; Moyse, M. Summary of Matter Médicale. Take II. Paris: Masson, 1967, p. 419.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Vanaclocha, B. Applied Fitoterapia. Valencia: M. I. Official College of Pharmacists, 1995, p. 217.

Peris, JB; Stübing, G; Figuerola, R. Guide to Medicinal Plants of Valencia. Valencia: Las Provincias, 1996, p. 278.

Villar, L; Palacín, JM; Calvo, C. Gomez, D; Montserrat, G. Medicinal Plants of the Aragonese Pyrenees and other tierrras Huesca. 2. Huesca: Provincial, 1992, p. 186.

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