Cervical cancer

Disease information

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Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer.

A common cancers, treatable and predictable, of the female reproductive system.

Subsequent to the neck of the uterus or cervix (the lower third of the uterus, which opens to the vagina) at any age but is more common 30 to 50 years.


There is an epidemiological link between cervical cancer and infection by some of the same papillomavirus (the viruses that cause warts)

It is known that this group is oncogenic virus (facilitate the malignant transformation of cells infected)

Signs and symptoms.

In its early stages, easily treatable, there are no symptoms.

Advanced stages:

Vaginal bleeding without a cause.

Persistent vaginal discharge.

Pain and bleeding after sexual intercourse.


Abdominal pain.

Leakage of feces and urine through the vagina.

Loss of appetite and weight.


Risk Factors.

Poor economic stratum.

Early onset of sexual relations.

Multiple sex partners.

Frequent sex during adolescence.

Human papilloma virus (probably the previous risk factors are associated with the facility to become infected with this virus)

Multiple births.

Recurrent vaginal infections (bacterial or viral, including herpes and genital warts)

Failure to do a pelvic exam and / or cytology regularly.


Avoid if possible risks described above.

Regular pelvic examinations from 18 years to start or sexual activity.

Undergo the Pap test (cytology) regularly. The cytology and pelvic examinations are very effective and detect precancerous changes in its asymptomatic phase.

Check with your doctor, or Center for Family Planning Health Center with much regularity must pass the tests.

The Public Health will provide such evidence without charge.

Diagnosis and Treatment.


His own observation of symptoms, especially any unexplained vaginal bleeding.

History and clinical recognition by your doctor or gynecologist.

Examination of the cervix with a magnifying glass (colposcopy)

As biopsies and cytological analysis.

Surgical procedures for diagnosis and treatment, as conization of cervix.


Based on surgical, whose importance depends on the extent of cancer at diagnosis.


Usually, you do not need medication for this condition, provided it is diagnosed and treated in time.

Needed further treatment to surgery, your doctor may prescribe:

Anticancer medications.



If this cancer is not treated early, extends outside the pélvix to other parts of the body and cause death.


It can be cured if it is diagnosed before it spreads the tumor.

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