Disease information

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Acne is a skin disease, common in adolescents, characterized by rashes on the face, chest and back.


More common in boys than in girls.


Fat glands of the skin are blocked for reasons unknown, but changes in sex hormones experienced by teenagers playing an unequivocal role.

When the fat becomes stagnant, it begins to become infected by bacteria normally present in the glands.

Acne is not caused by dirt, or masturbation, nor for food. The cleaning can help it, but sexual activity has no effect on it.

Signs and symptoms.

It is characterized by the appearance of the following injuries (from lighter to more intense) in the skin, usually on the cheeks, forehead and back:

Shins black (black dots the size of the head of a needle)

Shins white (white spots similar to blacks)

Pustules (small lesions of pus)

Cysts (swelling of the biggest skin) and.

Abscess (swollen, in a slightly swollen area that contains infected pus) only in more serious cases.

These injuries do not bite or, if not sobreinfectan, they hurt.

It is sobreinfectan, a halo around rojido and vuleven painful.

Risk Factors.

Exposure to high temperatures.


Oily skin (oily)

Endocrine disorders.

Medications such as cortisone and the male hormones.

Family history of acne.

Some cosmetics fatty.


There is no known prevention.

Diagnosis and Treatment.


It is done through inspection of injuries.


Treatment is generally doctor.

On some occasions, and residual injury, may be indicated abrasion, chemical or physical, of the surface layers of the skin ("peeling")

General measures.

Yes you have. skin fat:

Gentle massage on the face with a soap without essences for a period of 3 to 5 minutes.

No massage on painful.

Clean the skin gently.

Do not use abrasives.

Desenjabonár for 1 or 2 minutes.

On some occasions also serve as an antibacterial soap.

Apply a disinfectant and degreaser such as alcohol, to remove the fat after washing.

Using a new towel every day.

Wash your hair with shampoo at least 2 times a week.

Keep your hair away from her face.

Using anti - dandruff shampoo to combat or prevent dandruff. Avoid hair creams.

After a strong year, wipe the sweat and grease as soon as possible.

Avoid cosmetics that contain excessive fat.

Avoid creams and cosmetics unless prescribed by a doctor.

No press, press, boot or scratch the skin.

The acne cure is better off without damaging the skin.

For more severe cases:

Stir or remove the shins, it can be done by the doctor.

The exhibition controlled by a doctor to ultraviolet radiation can be helpful.

Cosmetic surgery (skin abrasion) can be recommended to remove the marks after the cure of acne.


Your doctor may prescribe, in moderate to severe cases, some of the following:

A lotion of 5% or 10% of benzyl - peroxidase.

Local application of antibiotic lotions such as clindamycin or erythromycin.

Local application of retinoic acid or derivatives, such as tretinoin is effective to open the pores.

In the most serious cases:

Treatment with oral isotretinoin, although it must be monitored very closely by a doctor, because medicine is a very powerful and potentially teratogenic (may cause fetal malformations)

Via oral antibiotics to fight overinfection of "grains".

Injections of cortisone in areas most damaged.


There are no restrictions after its completion, wash and dry the skin (see measures)


Some fatty foods can worsen the rash, though it is a very personal sensibility, so that each patient should avoid foods that will increase the eruption him.

One of the most frequently involved is the fat of the cocoa)


The injuries are sobreinfectar, producing scars.

Even sobreinfectarse without, the more severe injuries (cystic acne) can leave scars.


With proper treatment, they usually heal in all cases.

In most cases, injuries refer to pass away or puberty.

The scars by Dermabrasion waste can be eliminated.

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