It is the inflammation of the joints caused by the deposit in its interior of úrico acid crystals.
Its presence causes pain, reddening, heat and swelling.
It can affect any joint,
most frequent and typical it is the metatarso - falángica (first) of the big toe of the foot (Podagra)
It is 20 times commonest in the man.
In case of not following any treatment:
Deformed and paralyzed joints.
Stones in the kidney
Inflammation of the bones, ligaments and sinews.
The first crisis can last few days; the
when any treatment or hygienic measures is not followed to reduce the úrico acid levels in the blood.
The symptoms can be eliminated by means of
Avoid the factors of risk in all the possible one.
Avoid to eat great amounts of rich úrico acid foods like.
Diagnosis and treatment.
Analysis of laboratory:
analysis of blood for the control of the úrico acid levels and the
of the joints.
x - rayses.
to escáner of bones.
The objective of the treatment is to control the symptoms and to discover the underlying cause.
Use compresas you cold on the doloridas joints.
of the bed clothes on the doloridas joints placing
rod that elevates sheets so that the joints do not graze to him.
Anti - inflammatory medication steroid not to control the inflammation of the doloridas joints; the Indometacina is particularly effective.
Medicines with medical prescription can be used, like colchicina or prednisona, to control the pain in case of an acute crisis.
For some patients
medication is applied long play, like alopurinol, with the intention of reducing the úrico acid production; or probenecid to increase the excreción of úrico acid on the part of the
. These medicines have important indirect effect.
, mollejas, kidneys, anchovies nor sardines.
Drink daily of 10 to 12 water
. The great amounts of water maintain tinkles it diluída (what it helps to prevent
It does not take spirits, in special beer or
wine (they can make worse or detonate
If you are obese, you follow
diet of loss of
under the pursuit of your
. It does not make any diet of shock:
whip stall of
crisis to him.
it is advised to follow the following diets:
Poor diet in purinas.
Factors of risk.
Diuréticos (to tinkle) like, for example, hidroclorotiacida.
Anticancerous, mainly in the treatment of cancers of the blood.
of the blood, like policitemia and the
. Familiar file of
Greater men of 60 years.
High sanguineous pressure.
high úrico acid level in the blood due to the increase in its production or to the reduction in its elimination by the kidneys.
Signs and symptoms.
Sudden appearance of an acute pain in the inflamed joint, normally in the base of the big toe of the foot or in greater joints.
The pain is exquisitely sensible (any rubbing returns it unbearable)
The affected joints are reddened, are warmed up, appeared very tense fans and.
The skin that covers the joints also is reddened and shining.
In cases long play they appear deposits of úrico acid underneath the skin, in
pavilions and back of the hands mainly; they are denominated "the tofos gotosos".
The excess of úrico acid in the blood causes the stone appearance in the kidneys.