that is characterized by massive discharges of groups of neurons as
type is called the Grand Mal, characterized by uncontrollable
Alters the consciousness of the individual, you lose control of the sphincters (
and faecal) and successive periods of normality with the
, which can be very serious.
originated in an area or outbreak shows that the brain electrical
Subsequent to 0. 5% of Western populations.
Usually begins before age 20.
There are other types of epileptic fit, less frequent,
absences or Petit Mal, in which the patient loses consciousness for very short periods of time.
Temporomandibular parietal the epilepsies, which produces hallucinations and stereotyped movements or acts (always the same, squirm as raising their hands above the head and bajándolas toward the navel, repeatedly)
the hipsarritmias, which produced brief losses of
tone and continuous.
and mental deterioration.
Accidents caused by the
It is incurable, except when they are sort of secondary and the cause is treatable (
Anticonvulsant medications and healthy lives, prevent
and allows an
Some types, such as hipsarritmias, produce
rapid and profound cognitive impairment, so they are very poor prognosis.
Unknown in most cases, at the least are due to:
Brain damage (
, for example, or accident)
or brain tumor.
Signs and symptoms.
Simple or complex partial
, which include:
of absence: petit wrong.
It happens only until age 20, then usually disappear.
The patient ceases all
for 30 seconds and then resumed.
It is often repeated several times
or muscles. Inevitable contraction of muscles or
Great evil or tonic - clonic
It is the most
and affects all ages.
Sudden loss of consciousness followed by convulsions and uncontrolled movements that can be of great violence.
last for several minutes and
followed by drowsiness, associated with relaxation of sphincters.
Prior to the epileptic fit the patient goes into an "epileptic aura. ".
It starts to look bad,
smells or sounds unusual, that make you tense, because he knows that precede and herald
of convulsive type.
history of epileptic
consumption, or mixed environments with no lights twinkling.
Use of mind - altering drugs.
History of brain
Exposure to toxic substances.
Does not exist.
Diagnosis and Treatment.
Electroencephalogram, which defines the type of
or R. M. N. brain, always forced to rule out underlying
Sometimes analytical blood or
fluid, to rule out
or toxic causes.
Avoid circumstances that have led to the launching of an
Indoors to avoid rarefied atmosphere.
Anticonvulsant drugs, which require strict compliance and monitoring equipment.
Avoid strenuous exercises.
Avoid noises and strong lights.
Food low in carbohydrates and rich in