non - contagious form of severe food poisoning caused by ingestion of food contaminated with
toxin that seriously affects the
The mortality rate is 10% to 25%.
The higher the dose of toxin and before symptoms appear, the more dangerous is the process.
There are no complications if treated quickly.
result of the difficulty in swallowing and choking with food.
caused by the weakening of the
When you return to intensive care may experience weakness, blurred vision or trouble speaking.
You may need
week more in treatment.
Diagnosis and Treatment.
Diagnosis is made by the previous intake of preserved in poor condition or raw foods. It is highly indicative that all the people who take the food suspect sick. He may carry out blood tests, and food suspects.
The treatment is medical.
Requires hospitalization in intensive care.
You may need
Induce vomiting if you have not spent more than
few hours after ingestion.
If you suspect
, try something cool of the contaminated food to be analyzed.
antitoxins prevent the deterioration of the process.
The antitoxin is derived from horse serum, which,
it can save lives, it
serious side effects.
Stay in bed during hospitalization.
After treatment, return to your
During hospitalization, and because of the difficulty in swallowing, often required the administration of food and fluids intravenously.
After treatment is not needed
Risk Factors and Prevention.
- canned foods. The green
that were contaminated with more ease. The very large pieces of meat cooked in the oven, as the "roast beef" may be too raw on the inside to destroy the toxin.
Clostridium botulinum or its spores are ubiquitous, are everywhere.
Botulinum toxin is heat - labile; warming above 50 °
The quantities needed to kill
person are slim, so make sure that ALL the food reaches the required temperature.
can is bulging or the content is peculiar odor or color, do not even TRY, shoot directly.
Do not eat any food that does not rely on the procedures for preparing and canning.
Do not add honey to food for their
or give them medicine against coughs that do not open at the same time (pull syrups after use and to respect their instructions for use)
Boil foods can help
ask about security measures for the proper preparation and canned food.
If you suspect that
trading preserved or canned may have
authorities, to confirm and withdraw contaminated food from the outlets.
Signs and symptoms.
The following symptoms usually appear suddenly 18 to 36 hours after taking contaminated food:
Blurred or double vision.
Eyelid edema (swelling of the eyelids)
Weakness in the arms and legs followed by paralysis.
Without alterations of mental faculties.
the following symptoms:
Inability to suck.
Contamination of food by the toxin, the most powerful known, produced by the Clostridium botulinum (related to the bacterium that causes
) which grows in canned foods contaminated or poorly cooked.
The toxin is absorbed by the digestive
and affects the
The foods that can cause
- canned fruits and
made little sausages,
smoked meats and.
under 1 year,
can come by the raw honey or other food without cooking.
can also contaminate
wound and cause the toxin.