It is an oleaginous plant cultivated since ancient times. In Mesopotamia, in India, Egypt, China and Greece, their seeds are highly prized as
condiment and as exquisite food and
. In the tomb of Ramses III (thirteenth century BC) can be seen in
cool as the Egyptians and added to the mass of
bread. Today remains popular for use in oriental and
countries, where even he is prepared with
beverage similar to horchata, which took the women to encourage lactation when nursing.
Widely cultivated in the Middle East and India, from where it originates. Currently, its cultivation
spread to other regions of tropical and subtropical
, Africa and Mediterranean countries.
herbaceous plant of the
of Pedalißceas, which reaches up to 1. 5 meters in height. Their flowers are white, pink or
. Its fruits are some capsules containing several
seeds flattened from 2 to 5 mm in length, which are usually
, although there are also white,
and black, depending on the variety.
Properties and indications:
wide variety of nutritious principles of high biological value:
Lipids, or fats (52%) virtually all of them consisting of unsaturated fatty acids, which gives them
very effective in reducing the level of
in blood. Among the fats of
) that plays an important role in our body. It is an
component of nerve tissue, and is also found in the blood, semen and in the bile, and is involved in
gland. Lecithin is
powerful emulsifier, which facilitates the dissolution of fat in aqueous
. One of its
in the blood, is to keep dissolved lipids in general, and especially
, thus preventing their deposition in artery walls (
is, along with soya,
richer in lecithin.
(20%) of high biological value, consisting of 15 different amino acids with
high proportion of methionine (
(0. 1 mg per 100 g) and
(0. 24 mg per 100 g)
And various trace minerals, especially
Mucilages to which it owes its mild laxative action.
Given the composition of this small seed, not
that in the eastern countries are regarded as
restorer of the
and the ability of sex. Among its many applications, we note the following:
: mental or
, loss of memory, melancholy,
, irritability or
. It is an excellent nutritional supplement for those who are under great mental or intellectual
, and want to maintain
, lactation, convalescence after surgery or illness.
performance or capacity, both in men as in women.
, prevention of heart
seeds can be taken raw or lightly toasted. To do this, first get
soaking in water, and after leaving to stand for about 15 minutes, pass through
sieve, trying not to pour the fallout. This will remove the
and earth that could contain. The following is toasted in
skillet, stirring constantly with
wooden spoon to prevent it from burning. It
glass bottle. They take 2 or 3 teaspoons of
after breakfast and after lunch (noon meal)
There are three more traditional forms of the preparation
with which also exploit its properties:
oil: it can be used like any other
oil. It is very stable to rancidity.
very tasty pulp that is produced by grinding the seeds. Replaces preferable to
pasta made up of about 15 parts of crushed
and sea salt. It is also an excellent condiment.