This small annual or multi - plant is characterized by flowers zigomorgas with 4 senior white petals and
spots in the event of the subspecies
(Murray) Gaud. And 4 senior
lower petal white
in the subspecies
(Koch) Oborny. In the two subspecies
observed polymorphism leaf - shaped capsules Navicula and small pear seeds fitted with
Tincture of the drug gives saponosides positive reactions, and examined at CCF, notes
band - like pattern umbeliferona and another to the rutoside.
The drug contains saponosides,
mucilage galacturonic acid (10%) acids, phenols and many pigments: flavonoids mono -
- heterosídicos as vitexina, orientina and its isomer; di -
- heterosídicos as violantina or vicenina - 2, Carotenoids (violaxantina and its isomers) anthocyanins (violanina,
- cumare ester of 5 - glucosil 3 - ramnoglucosil delfinidol) The content is very low Salicylic derivatives: methyl salicylate, majority component of the product resulting from the hidrodestilación Genina and
glycoside - arabinoside, the violutósido.
Properties and employment.
The popular tradition attributes to thinking large number of shares: depurative, febrífugo, antispasmodic, healing, emetic, and so on.
It is used in the symptomatic treatment of cough, in the adjuvant component of the painful
, and through local, as analgesic in the affections of the oral cavity and / or the oropharynx. It
been shown no toxicity of drugs through criomolida acute toxicity tests (2. 4 g / kg) and subacute (300 and 1800 mg / kg / day, 4 weeks) rat, oral.
. WAGNER, L. ROSPRIM and ROSPRIM and
Die - Flavone
- glykoside von Viola tricolor L.
Z. Naturforsch. 27b, 954 - 958, 1972.
. Molnar, J. Szabolcs and L. RADICS.
Naturally occurring di - cis - violaxanthins from Viola tricolor. iso -
and identification by 1H NMR spectroscopy four di - cis - isomers.
Phytochemistry, 25, 195 - 199, 1986.
. TIMBERLAKE, O. TUCKNOTT and I.
Fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry of the anthocyanins.
violanin and platyconin.
Phytochemistry, 22, 1007 - 1009, 1983.
, toxicological dossier