Tree originates from South Asia,
been cultivated for thousands of years in China and India. In Europe,
mythical tree that gave fruit throughout the year until the fourth century
. they began to cultivate
trees in the Old Continent,
, in honor of the truth, which
then there were
: Species native to Southeast Asia.
, comes from Greek and means
, its popular name.
, which shows its flowers and fruits. The flesh of these properties have antiscorbutic, antiseptic and astringent.
The burden of
lemons is tar, which is often recommended to consume the fruit. However, we have to dilute their juice, because of their high acidity that could harm your teeth.
tree of up to 4 or 5 meters in height, trunk smooth, with branches and young leaves of
pink hue. The adult leaves are large, oval, hard, with
long petiole on the basis of which appears
thorn. The flowers are formed by five white petals, touched by the outside and white on the internal. The fruit,
, about 10 cm long, oval shaped, with
projection in the extreme; its surface, very rough,
is intense; their skin, not too thick, protects the flesh, divided into segments, very acidic.
Lives in the temperate forests of India, at the foot of the Himalayas, and north of the Indochina peninsula,
adapted to colder climates not very (very badly supports the low temperatures) This beneficial tree
flourished in large parts of the Mediterranean coast. Today is grown throughout
The fruit matures over the year, and at any time find ripe lemons in
it seems that
is when most citric acid accumulates.
USES AND APPLICATIONS:
It is one of the fruits of basic food,
it should never be eaten alone, the juice
to be watered down because of their high acid content can damage teeth, is the basis of many soft drinks (the simplest:
juice diluted in water with sugar) It is used as flavoring in cleaning products. The
industry is used in products to strengthen nails, to soften the tone hands op skins fats. Da shine to the hair if used in rinsing. As
homemade remedy for certain ailments, its uses are manifold. Against gout,
is recommended to the cure of two ninths (two nine - day) It consists in taking the first day, fasting, the juice of
(always diluted in water) the second, two, and until the ninth, taking the nine lemons, the tenth nine other lemons, and is reducing the number of lemons, one
day up to 18, which will take juice of one
. For inflammation of the throat or mouth sores, can be made gargarismos rinses or
juice diluted in water by half. In the heavy digestions, you can take the
juice diluted in water and then
teaspoon of bicarbonate dilute it in
Arbolito small 3 - 6 m tall with many branches with
hard and thick. Young twigs angular, later round and smooth. Unifoliadas leaves of pale green, for elliptic to oblong - ovadas of 6 - 12. 5 cm long and 3 - 6 cm in width. Punta short and obtuse. Saw - toothed margin. Petiole short and winged broadly. Reddish young leaves. Flowers solitary or axillary racemes, in
. White petals at the top and
underneath. 20 - 40 stamens. Oval or oblong fruit, mamilado toward the ends of 7 - 12 cm in length, light
. Peel more or less thick and dotted gland, depending on the varieties. Sour juice and fragrant. Seeds small, ovoid and pointy.
Its culture is similar to the
better resist the cold. The
juice is mainly used as
is consumed in other ways.
The fruit (pericarp and pulp)
oil (up 2. 5%) of complex composition: limonene, pinene, citral (mixture of general and geranial) citronelal, Terpinol, canfeno, phellandrene, cumarinas (limetina, bergamotina) flavonoids (neohesperidósidos and routines)
, carotenoids, mucilages,
Abundant pectin, sugars, citric acid,
, malic, flavonoids.
must contain not less than 2. 2% m / m and not more than 4. 5% m / m of
compounds, calculated as citral.
oil is antiseptic, eupéptico,
and diuretic, an
enhanced by the presence of flavonoids (citroflavonoides) that, in addition, are involved in
Q: venotónica, Vasoprotectives (decrease capillary permeability and increase their endurance. Pectin
an effect hemostatic local, antidiarrheal and protector of the
mucosa. It is also anti, antiemetic, antipyretic, analgesic, and remineralizing antiesclerótico. In external use is antiseptic, healing, moisturizing and demulcent.
Varicose veins, haemorrhoids, capillary fragility,
. States that require an increase in urine output: genitourinary
, oliguria, urolithiasis) hiperazotemia, hyperuricemia, gout, high blood pressure, edema,
accompanied by fluid retention.
, convalescence. Inappetence,
hiposecretoras, meteorism, gastric hyperacidity, hepatobiliary
, oxiurasis. Prevention of scurvy.
In topical use:
mucosa, wounds, dry skin, ichthyosis,
Unless otherwise indicated, we recommend not to prescribe
oils through internal during
under six years or patients with
, gastric ulcers,
irritable bowel syndrome
and other neurological
Do not administer, or topically applied to
under six years old or people with
or with known hypersensitivity to this or other
Do not prescribe dosage forms with
content for oral administration in
under two years or consultants in the process of
It is relatively frequent occurrence of
in bakers and confectioners produced by the
Caution / Poisoning.
oil with caution, especially in
, for the possibility of occurrence of
reactions caused by hypersensitivity to the drug.
Avoid sun exposure after topical application of
oil, for the possibility of occurrence of phenomena photosensitization.
Take into account the
content of the fluid extract and tincture.
Galenica forms / Dosage.
the bark of three lemons per
. Infuse 15 minutes. Three cups
day before meals.
oil: 2 to 5 drops, twice
sugar cube or oily solution or an
. Capsules (25 to 50 mg / caps, 1 to 4 daily)
Fluid extract (1:
1) 30 - 50 drops, one to three times
10) 50 - 100 drops, two or three times
juice: widely used media in the form of
Decoction or maceration of the crust:
glass fasting (popularly used as
teaspoon of baking soda and
pinch of salt, diluted in sugar water as
drink or febricitantes case of
Juice, pure or diluted to 10%, applied as compresses, washed, friction, mouthwashes gargarismos, eye drops, eye baths, irrigations or
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