or IPEC to the roots of various plants of the
of Rubiaceae that have properties emética (causing vomiting)
which is used primarily as medicinal is the Uragoga
. There are other
, all natives of tropical
, as the largest ring (Colombia) the largest corrugated (in Colombia) or higher striate (Peru and Colombia) They were natives of Mato Grosso who came forward to the Portuguese the virtues of
, this medicinal plant native to tropical
tortuous root, formed by
series of rings, which contains seven alkaloids, which include the emetine and cefelina.
The emetine, as its name suggests, it causes vomiting. For its toxicity,
should only be consumed by prescription drugs.
small herb, perennial, stems tortuous. The root is branched, cylindrical, consisting of rings, side by side along its entire length. The leaves, elliptical, finished at peak, are two to two and along the stem. The flowers are white, small, with five petals, forming bouquets at the ends of the stems. The fruit is
small berry in the form of
Lives alone in the temperate zones of South
been adapted to other geographical or climatic conditions for much that
been attempted, since neither in Europe nor in North
managed to get crops with
minimum level of productivity.
Roots, rhizomes of the species:
(Brot. Tussac, known as its provenance:
of Rio, of Matto Grosso,
or Mine. Cephaelis acuminata Karsten:
Cartagena, Nicaragua, in Panama or Costa
In the wake of
there are substances that are also found in other plants such as sugar, fat, glycosides, saponins and tannins,
the real value and exclusive drug is due to the presence of seven alkaloids that are found in the bark of the root, from which deserves to highlight the emetine and cefelina.
The bark of the root irritates the skin and mucous membranes, and it is very irritating
with the eye as it can pierce the
. The inhale dust cause sneezing and coughing strengths access. Its ingestion is also dangerous for gastric and
mucous membranes. Its main therapeutic application is emética (induce vomiting) and expectorant (for fluidized bronchial secretions)
is effective against dysentery amibiana it destroys the amoeba which is found in the
It takes place throughout the year, while weather conditions permit
few sticks finished tip (poayas) with those who pulled the secondary roots, leaving the main buried for
return to regenerate new plant
dried in the sun and preparing to be commercialized. The trade show as the dust of
, which is the root bark of crushed and rnolida.
APPLICATIONS AND USES:
Use with caution, for toxicity, which may cause the mucous membranes (eyes, mouth,
intestines) dose, for which preparations should be used for commercial or follow to the letter indications and dosage of specialists. For information, it is interesting to know that, as vomiting, the powder is used directly or diluted in water, and as antidisentérico or expectorant is the preferred form of infusion. You can also use horn wine, syrup or eat as tincture.
, amoebic dysentery (see precautions)
At very low doses, an expectorante occurs, with great action secretolítica (emetine, cefelina) and antidiarrheal.
emetizante (emetine) The emetine also features an anthelmintic action and amebicida.
Ipecuana, dust standard:
the drug must contain between 1, 9 - 2, 1% of total expressed as emetine.
Dried root of
fragmented and must contain at least 2% of total expressed as emetine.
, elderly, heart
, low blood pressure.
strongly irritates the skin, with
blistering effect. Also affects the
mucous membranes. High doses cause vomiting and neumogástrico by stimulation of the nerve centers bulbares. The alkaloids are cardiotoxic (
) antihypertensives, and cytotoxic capilarotóxicos.
Caution / Poisoning.
The content of alkaloids is variable depending on the species and location of collection.
to pass the doses indicated. The poisoning is manifested by painful
and can lead to coma and death from cardiorespiratory collapse.
We recommend prescribe mucolytics and expectorants with less toxicity. In any case, use prescipción and strictly under medical supervision.
As Antiprotozoals, it is more advisable to use standardized specialties based clohidrato of emetine.
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