Colds throat and bronchial
, whooping cough. Weak digestion,
. Enables the production of milk during lactation. The roots are diuretic and snacks.
great tradition, already used in ancient Egypt and familiar in the Mediterranean peoples thanks to the Greeks, the Spanish who introduced it in
Europe during the Middle Ages, and later took her to
, where he
acclimatised and is in the wild.
Plant perennial that forms
rosette of leaves at
level in the center of which is an upright stems and branches that can reach two meters tall, green, with
few leaves, arranged around it in the form of pods,
in that So, far above, the greater the sheath that embraces the stem and only if there's
separate piece of the stem. The stems culminate in abundant umbels (clusters of flowers in the form of an umbrella) and composed of
flowers. The fruit, dark gray,
black, it smells pleasantly aniseed (like the whole plant) He
also known under the name fenículo or holy herb.
Lives in the Mediterranean shores,
is cultivated worldwide in temperate climates. In some places in the Americas, as the Pampa
acclimatised and grows spontaneously. Thrives in rocky terrain along the channels to dry.
The whole plant
essence (of sweetness at the beginning that becomes
taste to follow) rich in anethole, the same compound that appears in the
and that provides such
that shows the plant. It also
oils, especially the seeds, minerals and vitamins.
Plant ideal to remove
gases, is also
good diuretic and digestive tonic. It also facilitates the secretion of milk.
The flowers should be cut before it is opened, that is, at the beginning of
. Later, at the end of
, can be cut branches and umbels to tap the fruits that should not be fully
as they lose their active ingredients. The root is pulled out later, when the fruit
matured (in the
USES AND APPLICATIONS:
By favoring its effects on the digestion and for their pleasant aroma,
been widely used in cooking as
condiment to accompany stews, fish and
digestive, is preparing an infusion of fruit (
teaspoon of crushed fruits for
cup of water) It takes one cup after meals, and this infusion is also capable of stimulating the secretion of milk. Aperitif wine is made with 200 grams of fruit macerated for nine days in
pint of white wine. To benefit from its diuretic properties, will use the following in infusion (
pinch of fresh root for every cup) although this action is intensified by using the five - roots syrup prepared with the
Not to be confused with the
, known in some places of
under the same name of holy herb. In
there is such faith in the
masticaban old mothers and missed the breath in the eyes of their
to scare off eye
show that, in their heads and infructescenses umbel with detail of the
and fruit. In phytotherapy are used both the flowers and not overly ripe fruit and roots.
The popular tradition advised intake of
to promote the secretion of milk mothers.
The fruits (cremocarpos and mericarpos) occasionally the root and leaves of the
) and the sweet variety (Foeniculum
condensed carbohydrates, phytosterols (beta - sitoserol, stigmasterol) coumarin,
oil (2 - 6%) anethole (60 - 85%) estragole (5%) alpha - pinene, limonene, mirceno, fencona, canfeno, Sabineno, mirceno - beta, beta - pinene, alpha - and gamma - phellandrene terpineno.
: the dry drug must contain at least 40 ml / kg of
oil and not less than 60% of anethole and 15% of fencona.
the dry drug must contain at least 20 ml / kg of
oil and not less than 80% of anethole.
flavonoids, traces of
cumarinas (umbeliferona, bergapteno)
oil produces an effect Carminative, to stimulate gastric motility, eupéptico, spasmolytic, estrogen, galactógeno, antiseptic, expectorant and mucolytic.
high dose is considered emenagogo. It is one of the drugs most used as
corrective organoleptic taste. In external use anti - inflammatory and acts as reepitelizante.
The leaves have
(healing, antiseptic local)
The following is
Fruits, leaves (topical) blefaroconjuntivitis,
States that require an increase in urine output: genitourinary
, oliguria, urolithiasis) hiperazotemia, hyperuricemia, gout, high blood pressure, edema,
accompanied by fluid retention.
Pursue syndromes with hiperestrogesism.
Unless otherwise indicated, we recommend not to prescribe
oils through internal during
under six years or patients with
, gastric ulcers,
irritable bowel syndrome
and other neurological
Do not administer, or topically applied to
under six years old or people with
or with known hypersensitivity to this or other
Do not prescribe dosage forms with
content for oral administration in
under two years or consultants in the process of
Caution / Poisoning.
very high doses anethole content in the
oil is neurotoxic, with
possible convulsive effect.
Take into account the
content of the fluid extract and tincture.
Galenica forms / Dosage.
10 to 30 g / l, infuse 10 minutes. One cup after meals. Infants: 5 to 10 frutos / 50 cc.
Fluid extract (1:
1) 20 to 30 drops, 3 times
10) 50 drops, one to three times
1 to 4 g per day, in capsules of 300 - 500 mg.
oil: 1 to 3 drops, 2 or 3 times
cup of infusion, on
sugar cube or encapsulated (25 to 50 mg / caps. 2 or 3
Dry extract (5:
1) 0. 3 to 2 g / day (1 g equals 5 grams of dried plant)
25 g / l, boil 2 minutes, infuse for 10 minutes, three cups
Fluid extract (1:
1) 25 - 50 drops, one to three times
30 g / l,
cup after meals, as
and digestive tonic.
Poultice of leaves fresh on the decision as boils, abscesses, bruises, holding milk.
20 g / l, in decoction. It
popularly used against
of the external ear (sprays on the auditory.
external) and in inflammatory
, in the form of mouthwashes or gargarismos eye baths.
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