is widespread and should know how to distinguish it from other plants of the same botanical
- the Umbelíferas - to which resembles:
and even the wild. There are
number of details that can help identify it:
The stems of
in its bottom spots of
The leaves are large and bright and are very divided.
The flowers are white and are grouped into mixed umbels of 10 to 20 radios.
The fruit is oval, about 3 millimeters of greenish -
color and is crossed by folds.
All the plant off an unpleasant smell of urine.
grows spontaneously throughout Europe and
. It abounds in
cool and wet, on the banks of rivers and on the edges of roads.
herbaceous plant that reaches 30 to 150 cms. tall, of the
of Umbelíferas. Its stem is hollow and finely striated.
Properties and indications:
all parts of the plant, especially fruits, contain several alkaloids (coniína, coniceína, conhidrina and pseudoconhidrina) plus an
oil glycosides and flavonoids and coumarin. The coniína is the most important asset of
, which is present in
ratio of 2% in fruits, and 0. 5% in the leaves. It is absorbed both orally or through the skin, by penetrating with ease. The alkaloids are
substances alkaline reaction. Its molecules are complex, and are made up of
, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen. Its pharmacological effects are very marked, and with small doses already produced toxic effects.
therapeutic doses, the coniína and other alkaloids of
strong sedative action, local anesthetic and analgesic. The
been used successfully to calm:
Intractable pain, such as those produced by
Persistent pain, such as those produced by the nerve.
Today, whilst we have other strong analgesics and insurance, also can be used,
always under control optional, and faithfully respecting the dosage, to avoid toxic effects.
Powdered: nuts of
are crushed into
powder that dissolves in water, the maximum tolerable dose for adults is of 1 gram of fruit daily, distributed in 4 shots of 0. 25 grams
For external use, is used in ointment which is prepared with 1 gram of crushed fruits per 9 fatty solvent. It is used as
local anesthetic in case of severe pain and neuralgia. Keep in mind that the coniína absorbed through the skin.
poisoning: the coniína is similar in its chemical structure and its effects, another alkaloid: nicotine, found in the snuff. Both alkaloids act on the vegetative
, excited and depressed after the first. From half to two hours after eating
toxic dose of coniína, is burning in the mouth, difficulty swallowing, nausea, dilated and weakness in the legs. If the dose is more
paralysis occurs (such as that produced by curare) and
arrest and death by asphyxiation. Nevertheless, the awareness is not lost, and maintaining mental clarity until the last minute. That is why the Greeks chose this method to remove the lives of those sentenced to
Treatment of poisoning:
as is suspected to have ingested
, it should induce vomiting, and if possible, move quickly to
wash. Administer purgatives and charcoal. Give artificial respiration mouth to mouth, if the intoxicated having trouble breathing. It is necessary to proceed with the urgent relocation of intoxicated at