theobroma cacao l.
theobroma cacao l.
. Their cultivation
spread to tropical regions of Africa and Asia.
tree of the
of Esterculiáceas, which reaches from 6 to 10 m in height, with large
or reddish flowers. The fruit is
berry big (ear) ovoidea, about 25 cm long by 15 cm wide,
or reddish when ripe. Inside there is the flesh where the seeds, number 20 or 30.
the seeds and peel the fruit.
Properties and indications:
the seeds of the cacao contain 40% - 50% of lipid (fat) 12% - 14%
, theobromine (1%) mineral salts, and small amounts of vitamins
powder is produced by grinding the dried seeds of cacao.
The theobromine in
is an alkaloid whose chemical
(S - 7 - dimetilxantina) as well as its effects are similar to those of caffeine. It differs, however, that the diuretic is more theobromine and caffeine that less exciting. The diuretic effect of theobromine is accompanied by an anti - inflammatory action on the
, so it is recommended in cases of
is slightly invigorating and stimulating,
in large doses or in sensitive individuals, can cause
Some varieties of
also contain caffeine, which can amount to up to 50 mg per cup of chocolate, 100 ml (cup of
contains 100 to 150 mg)
In preparation for medicinal use the decoction of
. This is far preferable to chocolate, it is free of its drawbacks (adding sugar and fat) Unfortunately, the
are available only in tropical countries where
is extracted by pressure from the roasted seeds. It is
powerful healing and emollient, which enters in the composition of numerous pharmaceutical preparations and
Its application is particularly useful in the following cases:
Cracking of the lips caused by drought or cold.
Cracks in the
of nursing mothers.
Burns, rashes and skin irritations.
To remove the hair.
and vaginitis (itching, irritation or itching in the
The shell of the
, in the form of decoction. It is also stimulating.
decoction of seeds that are prepared with 10 or 12 seeds (also called almonds) per
of water, taking 3 cups daily. Decoction of the peel, which is prepared with 50 grams per
of water, take 3 cups
is applied directly as if it were an ointment on the affected skin area until 6 or 8 times
day. In suppositories and ova,
and pharmaceutical preparations that are used in case of
the use of
by internal and especially chocolate, are discouraged in the following cases: an
, heavy digestions by
(by its fat content) constipation (what aggravates)
) and tachycardia.