This plant originally from
became popular several years ago because it found very useful medicinal properties. The main characteristic is that it acts as
healing, disinfectant, and how desinflamante painkiller. With the leaves and branches are cataplasms or through the baking time, building for the wounds. In domestic beatings and bruises on which there is pain,
is used as
can also be applied macerated or in the form of ointment mixed with lard. It
been recommended, in addition to sores, rashes,
and chafing of baby - through cooking or application of towels, rheumatism, ulcer pain,
, whose treatment is the infusion take as water usage.
plant that measured less than 1 m in height. The leaves are long and wide. Their flowers are grouped together and placed in
circular shape. Is generally in warm climates, semi, dry and mild. It is grown in gardens, although growing associated with the tropical deciduous and
forest, Xeric scrublands, forests of
plant that could qualify as modern, because it
not known, or more precisely, their qualities were not exploited by the sages of ancient Greece. Of the mountain
(where the shepherds used dry leaves for rolling cigarettes) is used to alleviate bumps and twists.
Chapters floral and popularly also the root of the species
chamissonis or Less. ssp. foliosa (Nutt. Maguire.
Plant green, with
rhizome from which emerges
stem less than half
meter high, culminating in
made up (like the margaritas) with the center
petals. At the base will form
rosette of leaves whose appearance recalls
long spear, and sometimes one's own stem ramifications arise for couples that culminate in separate
clusters. Is also called snuff mountain.
Only found in the mountains, in siliceous soils, in cold weather, with snow in
Sesquiterpenes lactones (0. 2 - 0. 8%) type pseudoguayanólido (helenalina 11th, 13 - hidroxihelenalina, and their esters with acetic acid, isobutyric, methacrylic, tíglico.
chamissonis contains the highest proportion of lactones: 0, 6 - 1, 7%, being arnifolina addition, camisonólido and its esters.
oil (0, 2 - 0, 3%) n - alkanes, thymol derivatives, mono and Sesquiterpenes (alpha - phellandrene, humuleno, mirceno, delta - cadineno, Caryophyllene oxide) Cinnamic acid and its derivatives (caféico acid, chlorogenic, cinarina) flavonoids; cumarinas (umbeliferona, escopoletina) poliacetilenos; hill; xanthophylls pigments, tannins; phytosterols. Traces of alkaloids pirrolizidínicos (tusilagina, isotusilagina)
The European Pharmacopoeia indicates that the dried flowers of
must contain at least 0. 7% of lactones sesquiterpénicas. Posee essences,
curiously those of the flowers are different from the rhizome of two bodies, the only pharmacologically active, possess, in addition of the essence,
substance made up of several chemical compounds and are known as arnicina. The latter is responsible for the properties of the plant, while the essences of flowers to give
perfume like the
, and the rhizome smells like wet radishes.
promotes blood circulation, so its use is indicated no external injuries that have caused
: shock, sprains, bruises. It is also
Anti - inflammatory, analgesic, healing, antiseptic, antimicrobial (against gram positive and negative) antifungal, antihistamine. Cardiotonic, analéptico cardiorespiratory (see precautions) lipid lowering, antiplatelet. Colagogo, slightly sedative, spasmolytic.
The roots and leaves are popularly used as febrífugo and
The flowers should be caught immediately, just as it opens, before they are parasitized by flies, that is, at the end of
. The rhizomes can be started later and entered the fall.
USES AND APPLICATIONS:
dye in external application on the party affected by
. To prepare the tincture, take 100 grams of flowers and placed in
container with one
, is plugged in and let rest for nine days at least. Filtered and stored in
dark bottle. Ever to be used, the amount required is extracted and mixed with equal parts of water, is applied with
gauze strip soaked and what is left over. Its domestic use should be exclusive of specialists, as
high dose could be toxic.
Because of its potential toxicity, limited to recommend its use as
topical anti - inflammatory and
in bruises, dislocations, bruises, bruises, escoceduras, skin irritation,
, itching, hives, neuralgia, swollen joints,
Hypersensitivity to the
or other composites.
, although it appears that the tusilagina and isotusilagina not have the hepatoxicidad other alkaloids pirrolizidínicos.
under two years (with dosage forms for mouth
Caution / Poisoning.
Avoid your prescription via internal:
highly toxic plant. High doses can cause nerve
: hallucinations, dizziness, digestive
(it is very irritating to the mucous membranes) dyspnea and heart
an effect inotropic indirect sympathomimetic per share)
When prescribed by internal, not exceeding the doses indicated.
In topical use because of the lactones Sesquiterpenes (especially the helenalina and its derivatives) can cause
skin reactions in the form of vesicular
and edema, so it should be used always very diluted. In the event of the occurrence of
, stopping treatment.
Galenica forms / Dosage.
See section of precautions.
5 g / l. Two cups
Fluid extract (1:
5) 5 - 10 drops, one to three times
10) 10 - 20 drops, one to three times
Topical use in the form of lotions or compresses embedded:
Infusion to 2 - 4%.
10) diluted to 10% in water.
diluted to 20%.
Glycolic extract (1:
5) in the form of creams or gels.
Popularly used in the form of plasters prepared from the flowering tops or crushed root.
Often the flowers of
are parasitized by the larvae of
fly that deposits eggs in the flowering ends, so that the flowers should be collected as soon as possible, anticipating the arrival of flies.
plant in which one can see the detail of one of the tiny flowers that make up the inflorescence, the
. This plant grows in the mountains of Europe and North
as scarce in its
state, is protected by law in many countries.
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