It is an
of the lung caused by
called bacterium Legionela Pneumófila.
denominated thus in 1976 after an epidemic that affected 182 people who attended
convention of the
It constitutes between
8% of the total of all pneumonías.
between contaminated people and sources.
pneumófila reproduces in very high humidity circumstances and is resistant to
disinfectants to the
doses, for that reason
habitual center of
constitutes the cooling towers of great buildings.
The germ is
through the air and the
of incubation is of 2 to 10 days after the exhibition stage.
Signs and symptoms.
Chills and fever of until 40°C.
Progressive cough with esputo of grayish color getting to be even sanguinolento.
Nauseas, vomits, diarrea, loss of the appetite.
Alteration of the mental state with confusion and lethargy or delirium.
Factors of risk.
Inmuno - supresivos medicine use, including.
the medication anti -
that produce inmunosupresión, like.
the S. I.
Maintain the systems of heating and regular conditioned air clean and make inspection.
It does not smoke.
It does not take more than 1 or 2 spirits at the most to the day.
Diagnosis and treatment.
The diagnosis tests will include:
Analysis of blood,
x - rayses,
cultures of esputo and.
broncoscopia (introduction of
flexible tube by the mouth until the lungs, for the visualization and taking of samples)
The treatment requires well - taken care of antibiotics and of support.
In the cases of gravity, one requires the hospitalization for intensive cares and oxygen administration.
The following directives will be of application for the slight cases or the cares after the hospitalization:
ultrasonic humidificador of cold steam to increase the air humidity and to facilitate the expulsion of
secretions by means of the cough.
Clean the humidificador daily.
Use hot compresas or an electrical blanket for the chest with the purpose of alleviating the pain.
It will be able to take aspirin or paracetamol to lower the fever.
of three weeks.
Asegúrese to complete all the prescribed medication.
If to toser he is to him painful and he does not produce esputo, his
will recommend the medicine use to him to eliminate it.
In main lines, it does not use supresivos of the cough when this one produces esputo.
Make exercises of deep breathing with as much frequency as their forces allow it.
Take many líqudos, will help to the production and expulsion of esputo.
Shock or delirium.
Alterations in the heart rate.
Normally curable with immediate diagnosis and treatment.
In case of not being treated, it is fatal in
15% of the cases.