of the membranes that cover the brain and the
It can appear to all the ages
they are more frequent in
Factors of risk.
New born and smaller of two years.
Greater of 65 years.
that diminish the resistance (
Prevention Diagnosis and treatment.
with patients (difficult, many people are carrying, mainly of meningococo, in their nose without being ill)
To be vaccinated (there are vaccines against some stocks of meningococo and hemófilus)
The people who are been in intimate
(familiar convivientes, classmates) with
by Meningococo, can receive one quimioprofilaxis, consisting of prevention
treatment of short duration (three days) with an antibiotic (Rifampicina) to avoid that she pledges the
Analisis and cultures of:
(the one that bathes the brain and the
marrow, is obtained by means of lumbar punción)
Imaginería of the head:
Resonance (RMN) and.
X - rayses (these also of the lung)
unit of intensive cares.
Treatment of coexisting
Isolation until total recovery.
death or serious complications, like:
loss of hearing,
difficulties in the speech and.
if one does not treat on time.
If they do not appear complications the total recovery it produces to 2 - 3 weeks.
Several species of bacterium can cause it.
of between all of them only three species they include 80% of the cases:
Meningococo (Neisseriae Meningitides)
B type (Haemophillus Influenzae)
Neumococo (Streptococus Pneumoniae)
The front door usually is through the nose, ear, throat, lungs or skin.
Also the bacterium by direct entrance can introduce
wound in the head.
Signs and symptoms.
Fever, perspiration and general malaise.
Sensitivity or fotofobia to the light.
Pupils of different size.
Pain and rigidity of nape of the neck.
Nauseas and vomits in escopetazo (sudden, strong) They are rare.
Confusion and lethargy.
symptoms in some cases.
Appearance, in the case of meningocócica
, hemorrágicos small points in the skin.