potentially harmful substance with our organism produces
It can penetrate by ingestion (eating it) inhalation (breathing it)
(through the skin) or by injection (syringes, mordeduras, punctures or pinchazos)
It can cause the death.
The rest of complications depends on the type of product and the time that it
had to be absorbed.
Acting on time usually it is good.
Diagnosis and treatment.
In case that it is taken place
poisoning we must by hand have the telephone of the Information service Toxicológica (Madrid)
91. 562. 04. 20.
in where personal qualified it will orient to us on the measures to apply.
Before undertaking any type of action, it calls to this telephone. Try to find out the substance that
taken and in what amount. Watch around, if he is unconscious can have something orients to him.
Like general norms of IMMEDIATE performance, while somebody contacts with the mentioned Information service Toxicológica:
If the product makes
with enemy with the eyes or the skin, lávelo with abundant water during at least 10 minutes. It does not use soap, can facilitate the toxic absorption certain.
If they have been acid retires in addition the soaked clothes and when washing nonfriction. If it
been by gas inhalation, póngalo to breathe to the fresh air. If the room still
the gas, tápese the first nose and mouth with
been by ingestion, it washes with water the lips, the mouth and the
. If they have been medicines, provóquele the vomit (in other cases it can not be advisable)
The rest of measures depends to
large extent on the ingested product: thus, with detergents and suavizantes it preferredly administers to 1 spoonful of
oil and one rich diet in liquids milk.
In case of lyes, strong or ammoniac water, never causes the vomit since if the substance
burned when lowering it will return to do it when raising. Adminístrele
water water, milk or glass with 2 clear ones of egg beaten and tries that it drinks it to sorbos.
We must turn our homes safe places;
, it is enough with being used to to us to simple norms to use and to keep these products, in addition to already mentioned:
Read kindly and you respect the instructions of printed use or precaution in the package, or any other additional information (pamphlets of instructions. provided by the manufacturer.
It does not
products of its
If it must prepare
product, it does not use bottles of drink, nor food packages.
It does not mix cleaning products, since they can give off gases. If it must transfer
dangerous product not it does it in front of the
and it tries to protect themselves and to always manipulate them in
aired affluent place.
It does not keep them mixed with nutritional products.
It does not leave medicines anywhere once used, nor in the drawers of the small
Factors of risk.
Mainly, the dangerous product possession in the
Its number must be restricted to the
minimum, being replaced when he is feasible by others less toxics (
. ej. the ammonia by other desengrasantes that does not give off steam.
In the work, the indications of the manufacturer must be respected, that must study and be known before using no product, comes labeled like toxic or no.
The dangerous products in attractive packages and without corks of security.
Signs and symptoms.
Very variable, according to the toxic and the route of administration.
Generalizing, the majority produces irritation in the place by where they have entered the body:
thus those ingested produce annoyances in the mouth, throat and
the inhaled ones, cough, picor and pain throat and in the chest, lack of air;
the contacted ones, reddening, picor and pain in the zone of the body by where they have entered.
Discounting counted the occasions in which the poisoning takes place of voluntary way, with suicidal intentions, generally it takes place of accidental form in the
or the work.
are those that undergo them with more frequency, already unite their unconsciousness before the danger with their
curiosity, although it is generally fault ours, to leave to its reach everything
potentially dangerous product arsenal; the medicines in
drawer to its reach; the products of cleaning in the low ones of the kitchen; and even most cautious, than they keep these products under key jealously, soon leave
container with clothes to soaking in lye within reach of the
If to this we added to him that many products of cleaning appear in attractive packages, is that
70% of the poisonings take place in smaller
of 14 years.
In spite of it, most of the poisonings they do not have gravity and
75% of the toxic product ingestions do not leave sequels if it is acted suitably.