ACUTE RENAL FAILURE
ACUTE RENAL FAILURE
The acute renal insufficiency, is
suffering that appears mainly in greater people, mainly men and takes place as
result of an abrupt diminution or loss of the
of or the kidneys.
It arises due to anatomical changes or by deterioration of some
that they have to do with the production of tinkles and its elimination, as the adapted contribution of blood and the functionality of vejiga, uretra and uretéros.
Depending on the
of the damage, the acute renal insufficiency can be:
Prerrenal, when there is
diminution in the contribution of blood to the kidneys and this
can be by:
Renal, when the kidneys have been injured by injuries by obstruction of
renal artery, inflammation,
by some toxic substance.
Póstrenla, that appears when there is an obstacle that prevents the exit of tinkles it, like
calculation, clot or by hipertrofia of the
that compresses uretra.
In the this case, most characteristic it is the diminution of the volume of tinkles, which can be caused by
glomerulonefritis, although in some cases the micción can be
or to even be increased. In order to confirm the diagnosis, the
urocultivo and analysis of tinkles and blood to measure the levels of urea and creatinina.
One of the main complications, is the water retention and salts like
, which produces an increase of the volume of circulating blood, that can be
desencadentante factor of insufficiency
, accumulation of liquids in lung and other parts of the body and sometimes of
accumulation is intense they appear
that can take to
unemployment and if the urea increases considerably, appear hematológicas alterations like
by destruction of
globules, sanguineous loss or by dilution of the blood by accumulation of liquids. Also they can appear upheavals in the coagulation, pronouncing
by the appearance of hematomas and hemorrhages by little important reasons.
The treatment, is due to base on the risk factors that take to the
so that the volume of circulating blood recovers and the greater deterioration of the kidneys is avoided.
Later diuréticos are used, to increase to the renal circulation and the production of it tinkles and after it maintains
control to maintain the balance between the entrance and exit of corporal liquids. In many occasions dialyses will practice.
The content of this note is informative and it does not replace the medical diagnosis, reason why we do not become people in
on its use.