It is the death of the
by lack of blood to feed
The prognosis is very variable, depending on the affected amount of
of Myocardium estimates
strict pursuit of the medical indications during the rest of the life.
In the first hours of the
, the greater risk is than the heart begins to bark of disordered and little effective way (not arriving the blood at the organism) and that is stopped later causing the death.
Still surpassed this phase and in the following days, the heart can not be able to pump sufficient blood or can even get to break
If these two phases are surpassed, it is not necessary to forget that
15% of the patients entered by
die in the hospital.
The risk will as large as
and on its location:
If she is small or it is in
little important zone, the heart can continue working like before.
if he is great or it affects important zones, then it will send less blood; producing fatigue and
that produces encharcamiento of the lungs (edema
) and accumulation of liquids in the legs (edema)
If it affects the base or insertions of
, can cause that it works bad.
If it affects the weave that leads the signals for its funcionamento, it can cause
or blockades of the heart (it barks slower which it needs the body)
If it affects the partition that separates the cavities
it will produce lack of important air and fatigue.
Diagnosis and treatment.
The diagnosis is based on the sintomatología and the electrocardiogram.
The treatment of the acute
must be made by the
, in the hospital.
The rapidity in initiating the suitable treatment is VITAL.
Once surpassed the acute
Diet balanced, free of fats and in
Let smoke and drink
and the tensions.
It can take an active
life without getting tired (it consults with its
Sometimes it is necessary, to avoid the repetition of the
, the accomplishment of invasive interventions, from the reapertura of the glass colapsado by means of
tube inserted by the
or ingle (angioplastia
) to the operation to bypass the obstructed pieces of the
("by - pass "coronary)
In case of acute
If or it
previously of chest
, takes the medication that
prescribed to him for these circumstances (usually "spray" for the mouth or
tablet to put underneath the
Before going to the
, it takes an aspirin.
every day they exist new and better treatments, the prevention is revealed like the most important weapon.
, we must avoid the formation of plates of ateroma, since certain habits and
exist that contribute to their
. For that reason:
If he is obese, becomes thin.
Make exercise regularly.
Try not to abuse fats, mainly animals.
If he is
, hypertense or the
stop, consults with its
and contrólese regularly even
Finally to emphasize that the feminine hormones protect to the woman of the
. And it can that later; if they make hormonal
In the greater man of 40 years, the taking of average daily aspirin seems to reduce the risk.
Signs and symptoms.
Pain opresivas characteristics on the left flank, that can extend towards the left jaw and the
Sensation of imminent death.
Factors of risk.
Age superior to 40 years.
Familiar history of aterosclerosis and / or infarcts of myocardium.
Stimulating cocaine and and Tabaquismo consumption.
Alterations in sanguineous fats (Hipercolesterolemia)
that produce excess of
The heart is
to pump the blood by all the body.
In the blood they go dissolved to oxygen and the
that circulating around arteries arrive at the cells. These undo of the remainders, that if they are accumulated are toxic, and by the veins they return to the heart. So that the blood circulates, the heart is contracted 70 times per minute, increasing the number of contractions if they increase the necessities
. Thus the heart works, without rest, during all the life.
The heart, formed by cells, also needs
and oxygen that cannot gather of its interior. At him they arrive through called arteries
that will distribute the blood by all the
Like all, these arteries are divided in their interior until being microscopic (hair) Here the blood circulates slowly and the cells can gather oxygen and the
and leave the remainder substances.
arteries become hardened and lose flexibility, undergo
arterioesclerosis. In addition, its wall thickens obstructing its light: they are the plates of ateroma.
When the obstruction is great, the heart in rest can receive still sufficient blood,
when needing with the exercise greater amount this one, cannot arrive sufficient blood to him.
Isquemia appears therefore one, that it is pronounced like
pain, opresivo, in left half of the
and that can extend until the neck, the jaw and the left
. The patient presents / displays in addition malaise, perspiration and sometimes nauseas and vomits: it is the
of pecho. Suele to pronounce when making an exercise, after an abundant food, when happening of
warm place to one cold, during the sex and in general, when demanding to the heart
When the artery is obstructed totally, or because the plate of ateroma
grown, or because trombo
formed, it appears the same pain the
this time it does not calm none.
If the obstruction continues, the heart lets receive blood and the cells of the myocardium die: it is the
of Myocardium. Here
fibrous weave scar forms that is not able to be contracted.