The tiroidea gland produces tiroideas hormones under the control of the pituitaria gland in the brain.
The tiroideas hormones are
for the body in the oxygen consumption on the part of the cells and in the
They are those that regulate the metabolism (
Hipotiroidismo to the condition is denominated in which the tiroidea gland produces less tiroidea hormone of the necessary one.
It affects both sexes
it is commonest between the women.
Excessive gain of
Comma mixedematoso (when the
is so great that the organism cannot work, is
medical emergency and can be mortal)
Increase of the susceptibility in the
Adrenalin crisis with strong treatments of hipotiroidismo.
Normally curable with
therapy to prevent of I replace of the
, that will have to be life.
Measures for the prevention are not known the hipotiroidismo.
However, the iodized salts prevent the
and the hipotiroidismo in the mountainous zones.
Diagnosis and treatment.
Analysis of blood of laboratory of tiroideas hormones.
The laboratory analyses can confirm the hipotiroidismo diagnosis
they do not indicate the necessary duration of the therapy of I replace.
The objectives of the treatment are I replace of the tiroidea
in the long term and the recognition of the symptoms in order to avoid the provision of an overdose or little.
The hospitalization in case that will be necessary emergency complications take place, like for example
The medical control and supervision will be necessary during several months with the purpose of establishing the correct dose for I replace of the
In case that the treatment
relapse could be produced, with more intense symptoms.
Hormones will be prescribed to him of I replace of the
The required doses will
the residual capacity of the
other medicines that are taking.
Signs and symptoms.
Its appearance is normally subtle and insidiosa.
Reduction of the
to the cold.
Slow, fast or irregular beat
Slow or coarse growth of the hair.
Diminution of the appetite.
Pain in the chest.
Placidness or nervousness.
or lack of memory. v Retention of liquids, specially around the eyes.
Sad face expression and fallen eyelids.
Diminution of the
Insensibilidad and creeps in feet and hands.
Hoarse or deep voice.
Swelling of legs.
Factors of risk.
Greater adults of 60 years.
Surgery by hipertiroidismo.
Treatments with x - rayses.
Exhibition to the radioactivity.
Sometimes, these are not known.
Between the most
causes they are included:
autoinmune, in which the immunological
of the body works of abnormal way and
the tiroidea gland destroying the cells that produce the tiroidea hormone.
Treatments with radioactive
in the diet. This is
in moved away mountainous zones of the sea in the underdeveloped countries. It
the cause of the great incidence of cretinismo (affected from the hipotiroidismo birth, with
) in the region of the Hurdes.
Diminution of the
of the pituitaria gland that secretes the hormone that stimulates the
Medicine use, for example the
, that represses the