Also known like TIROTOXICOSIS, TOXIC
It is the excessive production of the tiroidea hormone, normally due to an excess of
of the tiroidea gland. This hormone regulates the power balance of the body.
The hipertiroidismo form commonest denominates
of Serious. It is 8 times commonest in the women and normally one appears between the 20 and 50 years of age.
Normally curable by means of medication or surgery.
The treatment needs
6 to 12 weeks to be able to stabilize the affection.
Some symptoms, like the exoftalmos, do not cure in spite of the treatment.
Some forms of tiroidismo will return with no need to the treatment normality.
greater possibility of relapse exists after the medical treatment.
sudden worsening of all the symptoms. It is an urgency with life threat.
Erroneous diagnosis, like
reaction of psychiatric anxiety.
Hipotiroidismo after the surgery or radioactive
It is not known.
Diagnosis and treatment.
The elaboration of the diagnosis implies:
physical and historical examination.
analysis of blood with the purpose of verifying the tiroideas hormone level in the blood and other levels of hormones associated to the case.
studies of radioactive
absorption (I131) gammagrafía tiroidea - in some occasions, to measure the
and contours of the
The suitable treatment will as large as
, the causes, the age of the patient and another series of factors.
The surgery to extirpate part of the
(tiroidectomía) is advisable in some patients.
The medication controls the
in most of the patients. It includes:
, to restrain the
of the gland.
Antitiroideos agents, to reduce the
Propiltiuracil, metimazol and blocking beta adrenérgicos for
symptomatic alivo, mainly in
repercussions (palpitaciones, tremors, perspiration.
This treatment stays normally during at least 1 year. The relapses in these cases when interrupting are frequent the treatment.
, that destroys of selective form the tiroidea gland, is used in patients which they have surpassed the fertile age, by its possible effects on the descendants.
autoinmune (the body develops antibodies that stimulates the excessive production of the tiroidea hormone)
Tiroiditis (inflammation of the tiroidea gland)
Signs and symptoms.
Continuous sensation of calidez or heat.
Picazón in the skin.
Irregular, fast and violent heart rate.
still eating in excess. It is probable that the greater people maintain the same
Noticeable irritability and anxiety.
Fatigue and weakness.
Protuberantes eyes (that denominate exoftalmos) and double vision.
Diarrea and sometimes facility in the
Loss of the hair (occasionally)
of engrandecido size) sometimes.
Factors of risk.
Familiar file of hipertiroidismo.