is an orifice located in the diaphragm by which the
happens normally to end to the
Hernias hiatales is very
, since they affect around 40% of the population, affect more to greater of 50 years and with
greater incidence in the women.
is not known with exactitude since the leading factors can be several, between which are:
Defects that cause weakness in the diaphragm.
Alterations in the
of the diaphragm.
the weakening of the diaphragm to the passage of the years.
is an orifice that communicates the
and that separates the
of the abdomen, forming an acute angle that prevents the exit of the gastric content towards the
, event known like regurgitation.
dimension is of 1, 5 centimeters in average,
for diverse reasons, it can extend to 2. 5 or 3 centimeters, causing the deformation of the
and diverse functional alterations.
When this happens, the
membrane can raise gradually, altering its
aspect and causing that the gastric content leaves, impelled by the pressure, towards the
. The consequences of these alterations are
and the gastroesofágico ebb tide.
There are three hiatales types of hernias.
Those of sliding, that appear when it leaves from the
ascends and they are located in the torácica cavity. This type of
is most frequent.
paraesofágica, that is caused when the union of the
remains in its place,
part of the
ascends to be located in the
, of parallel form to the
the mixed ones, that combines both hernias.
IMPORTANT the content of this note is informative and it does not replace to the medical diagnosis, reason why we do not become people in
on its use.