It is caused by
virus that is in the
and the blood of infected people.
The adquiereal virus to make
with enemy with blood of some infected person, which can be given of several forms that could be many years ago, before having
rigorous control with syringes and handling of blood:
to have received blood or an organ transplant before 1991.
To share needles to inject drugs.
To sour or to have itched with
needle contaminated with infected blood and badly sterilized, through:
) received intramuscular injections before 1991, year in which the syringes shared.
treatments or surgery before that year.
) by donation of blood also until that date since it
not counted on disposable material and the glass syringes and insufficient methods of sterilization were used to eliminate the virus.
To sour of accidental way with
contaminated needle of blood infected when making certain works as those of laboratory assistants and personal of
To be somewhere made
perforation of the body or
tattoo with nondisposable instruments, used previously in other not sterilized people and.
to be put under renal dialysis before 1991.
To share many
pairs without protection (condón.
Also it is
frequent complication in the patients who have alterations in the coagulation, for example the hemophiliac.
and their symptoms can take in pronouncing themselves up to 15 or 20 years after I
and it burdens since.
50 people suffers it.
with much facility.
there is no vaccine for this type of virus.
It can cause serious
The ill people usually complain
pains and much fatigue and when it is very outpost in addition to the
also to cause encefalopatía.
all the transfusions of blood take control of much security to prevent this and other
the people who had necessity of
transfusion before 1991, could be in risk of developing it.
The patients with this type of
generally do not find out that they have it by lack of symptoms or because these are so slight and vague that they attribute themselves to an
The majority is not cured and must be dealt with drugs to avoid the
and the treatment also depends on the stage in which the
and of the type of virus is diagnosed, since it is caused by six genotypes different from which commonest is the IB.
For this type of
there is no vaccine, reason why if some person
received blood or its derivatives, it is recommended to him to be made an analysis of blood to determine the possible presence of antibodies. The test that is due to make is the one of ELISA, the same one that are used to detect the virus of the
and in case of leaving positive, to go with
gastroenterologist, infectólogo, internista or hepatólogo is recommended to receive the suitable treatment.
In order to prevent it it is important to follow the norms of bioseguridad established for the donation of blood and other corporal organs and to avoid to have even
relations with manifold or without protection.
IMPORTANT the content of this note is informative and it does not replace the medical diagnosis, reason why we do not become people in
on its use.