Complete rupture or partial of the head of fémur, that articulates in the hip with the bones pélvicos. el greater bone of the joint of the hip.
The breakage by
traumatismos affects to both sexes and all the ages.
breakage or the breakage caused by smaller injuries mainly affects the people of age superior to the 70 years.
Usually one cures with surgery and rehabilitation.
of the surgical wound.
Damages in the nerves and the blood vessels in the zone of the
Lack of sanguineous irrigation in the injured zone, that causes the death of weaves of the bone.
Bad healing (bad union) of the
Clots of blood due to the confinement in the bed and the restriction of activities, that happen towards the lungs.
Asegúrese to take the
that needs (between 1000 and 1500 mg to the day) by means of milk and milky products or supplements
Protéjase against the falls, mainly in its house (eye with carpets and esterillas)
The women would have to consult to their
the possibility of taking estrogens when the
Diagnosis and treatment.
The diagnosis is made by means of the clinical inspection.
It is confirmed by means of x - ray.
Except for rare cases, surgical, according to type of
, returns to locate fragments in his site and they maintain by means of "nail - plate" or head extirpates and prótesis replaces by "of caderal" (partial, if it leans on the bones of pelvis, total if it leans on an artificial cazoleta to intention) although are more options.
Unlike most of the
, those of hip (after the operation) they do not need stucco.
After the surgery, it is possible to be bathed and to be showered as usual.
It can carefully wash the incision with not perfumed smooth soap.
The bandages are optional.
The heat mitigates the pain the incision. Use an electrical pad,
towel soaked in tempered and slipped water.
Antibiotics to fight the
when it is necessary.
Softeners of lees to avoid the constipation.
Anticoagulants (Heparina) to prevent the complications with the operation.
When waking up of the anesthesia, it often moves the affected leg to reduce the possibility of blood clots.
Most of the surgeons
the patients to rise and to take some steps as rapidly as possible.
Resume its activities gradually as soon as it begins the healing.
the first day after the surgery, soon nothing special.
if it would have to take supplements from
Warn its medico if.
Call immediately if it
entumecimiento or loss of sensitivity underneath the site of the
. It is an emergency.
It happens the following thing after the operation:
Inflammation raises or underneath the site of the
chills, fever, pains or migraines.
It increases the pain, the inflammation, the reddening or secretion in the place of the surgery.
Note lack of air.
Unbearable pain when trying to walk.
Inflammation, sensitivity and hematoma in the zone of the hip.
Deformed appearance of the hip. In the most typical
the member is shortened in relation to the other, ligéramente doubled by the knee and with pié outwards.
Signs and symptoms.
Fotofobia (sensitivity to the light)
Factors of risk.
Activities that increase the danger of traumatismos.
, specially the one that appears after the
Variety of medications, that diminishes the warning signs.
Bad feeding, specially with insufficiency of