KAWASAKI DISEASE

Disease information



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KAWASAKI DISEASE
Kawasaki disease.

Exantematic disease (which produces a reddish rash)

It appears in children under five.

Causes.

Infectious agent known, appears to be due to bacteria producing toxins (estrepto or estafilocócicos) which cause a disproportionate reaction of the immune apparatus.

Signs and symptoms.

In the first ten days appear (need not be simultaneously)

Fever.

Conjunctivitis.

Redness and swelling of palms and soles.

Rash polymorphism (reddish, both small and large stains, which change from day to day) usually pruritic (which produces itchy)

In a second phase, subacute, which lasts until the third week, are:

Desquamation (loss of the surface layers of the skin) of hands and feet.

Palpable emergence of arterial dilation (pound packages under the skin.

Risk Factors.

Unknown.

Prevention.

None.

Diagnosis and Treatment.

Diagnosis is made by clinical signs and symptoms. It requires a degree of suspicion by the pediatrician.

Should do blood tests, urine tests and other cardiac, according to the clinical picture. The treatment is medical.

Treatment.

The treatment must be performed in a hospital, to prevent cardiac complications.

Complications.

In the acute phase might occur involvement of the joints, heart, brain or liver.

In the subacute phase may be submitted dilations of the coronary arteries, acute myocardial infarction and involvement of the joints.

Sequels can be as definite coronary lesions and joints.

Forecast.

If it comes in time, and cardiac complications are avoided, well.


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