Disease information

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The pituitaria gland is an organ of the endocrino system that is located in the base of the skull and regulates the corporal activity of many other glands and processes.

Being its functions, is the one in charge to produce hormones that influence mainly in the growth, development and sexual maturation, but also produces other important hormones like cortisol or hidrocortisona, also called adrenocortocotropa, that normally is released in stress situations and controls the form in which the body uses proteins, fats and carbohydrates.

The disease or syndrome of Cushing, also well - known like calculations of cistina or hipercortisolismo, affects approximately to 6 of each 100. 000 people and it is developed when the pituitaria is invaded by a tumor or hiperplasia, that causes the excessive secretion of the called hormone cortisol or adrenocorticotropa that also plays a very important role in the control of inflammations.

This disease is developed mainly between the 20 and 40 years and mainly affects the women.

Between the causes that cause it they are:

the prolonged corticosteroides hormone use, like the cortisone or prednisona.

developing a tumor in the adrenal gland or the pituitaria, which causes that a greater amount of the hormone takes place cortisol.

With greater peculiarity, to suffer cancer in some other part of the body, mainly in the glands like the thyroid, ovaries, páncreas or thymus.

IMPORTANT: The content of this note is informative and it does not replace the medical diagnosis, reason why we do not become people in charge on its use.

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