Enfermedad de Addison
Enfermedad de Addison
Our organism is governed and controlled by two great systems
and the endocrino. On this last one they
the hormone production and other vital elements that regulate diverse
processes and these generate in the glands that we have located throughout the body and in some organs.
All the glands are important by the mission that they
and of them with the suprarrenales glands, that are located in the kidneys and are in
to produce hormones that are complex chemical substances that regulate many vital
of the organism as they are: the adrenalin or epinefrina, related to the
, the pain, the anxiety and other reactions of the body, hidrocortisona and other steroids that help the immunological
and to regulate the glucose levels in blood and the
pressure; the aldosterone that maintains the balance of liquids and chemical substances; the androgens and the progesterone, necessary for the human reproduction.
suprarrenal insufficiency, is
that is developed as
result of an inadequate
of the suprarrenales glands, with an insufficient production of corticoids.
The sufferings of the suprarrenal gland also can be: Adrenal insufficiency, adrenocortical Hipofunción or
, aldosteronismo or feocromocitoma.
This alteration takes place as
result of the gradual and progressive destruction of the suprarrenales glands, by an inflammatory process, metástasis of
or by diverse degenerative processes.
One does not know the cause or
and although it can appear to any age, is between the 30 and 40 years when it does most frequently and with equal prevalence in both sexes.
Nevertheless the damages in the suprarrenales glands can be due
autoinmunes, is to say an
of the immunological
of the body to the gland.
Citomagalovirus associated to the
by fungi like: bastomicosis, histoplasmosis or coccidioidomicosis.
of the breasts, lung, kidneys, colon or by linfomas or sarcoma of Kapusi.
By irregular treatments with corticoesteroides.
By hemorrhages in the suprarrenales glands, caused by the use of anticoagulating medicines or state of shock.
By treatments with radiations. By the medicine use like ketoconazol or etomidate.
like: Sarcoidosis, hemacromatosis, amiloidosis, adrenoleucodistrofia, adrenomielodistrofia.
Between the important factors of risk, they are:
Antecedent relatives with
of Type I.
excessive medicine Consumption steroids or anticoagulants.
abdominal or renales Injuries or surgeries.
The content of this note is informative and it does not replace the medical diagnosis, reason why we do not become people in
on its use.