HEAD OF PAIN

Disease information



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HEAD OF PAIN
Headache.

Intense headache, usually on one side, which is often accompanied by nausea, weakness and vision problems.

Each episode can last from 2 to 48 hours.

It is more common in women.

Headaches can have many causes, here we will focus on the idiopathic, or without specific underlying cause.

Among these (cluster headaches, headaches and migraines) for his often we ceñiremos to the latter.

Causes.

The exact cause is unknown.

It seems to be related to the mechanisms of neurtransmisión brain and changes in blood flow.

There are trigger mechanisms such as:

Stress.

Anovulatory oral.

Menstruation.

Alcohol and certain foods (cheese, chocolate, etc.

Fatigue.

Hypoglycemia.

Signs and symptoms.

They vary from person to person, but there is an "aura" before the attack, which affects sight, smell or hearing, always remain the same in each patient.

The pain is intense and progressively on one side of the head.

Can cause nausea and vomiting.

Risk Factors.

Stress.

Family history of migraine headaches.

Smoking.

Alcohol in excess.

Using drugs without control.

Oral contraceptives.

Prevention.

Reduce stress.

Some medications reduce the symptoms and even prevent the attacks.

Diagnosis and Treatment.

DIAGNOSIS:

The diagnosis is clinical, after conducting blood tests and CAT brain, EEG, among others, to rule out underlying causes.

TREATMENT:

Apply a cloth or ice to the head.

Stand in a room in the dark for several hours.

Avoid smells, lights and noise.

Ergotamine, aspirin, paracetamol and ibuprofen.

In more severe cases codeine.

Antihistamines enhance the expansion of the vessels.

The vasoconstrictores narrow glasses.

The beta adrenergic drug usually beneficial in some individuals.

Recientemente se han comercializado antagonistas serotoninérgicos (un mensajero nervioso) que parecen muy efectivos para yugular un ataque, pero que, al ser muy potentes, deberán ser prescritos por el médico.

Complicaciones.

Migraña de más de 72 horas, que conduce a deshidratación e inflamación cerebral.

Pronóstico.

Los síntomas se controlan con el tratamiento.

La duración de los ataques suele disminuir en el tiempo.


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