Dislexia, is the term that is used to mainly identify
to do with
of learning or upheavals in the cognitivas and comunicativas abilities, in the areas of the
, the reading, the writing and the mathematics.
The difficulties of the learning, generally, whatever these are, interfere with the capacity of the boy to process information and among them they are: the mental delay, the
, auditory injuries in the head, losses, exhibition to the lead,
, uncontrollable and serious
and cases of
Dislexia, is nevertheless
that presents / displays
whose intellectual coefficient is
and apparently do not present / display another kind of physical or mental
that can explain their difficulty to learn to read and to communicate verbally with the others.
as much affects between
10% or 15% of the population student as adult and with
greater incidence in men than in women. One calculates that more or less they can have
boy with dislexia in
group of 25 students. Some cases usually are fleeting and very complicated others.
is that since the education of the first scholastic years is focused to
to abilities of reading, writing,
and mathematics, these
generally are catalogued of loose or delayed mental, by lack of
suitable and opportune diagnosis, because its level is below awaited based on its age and intelligence.
Dislexia also affects short term the memory and the perception of order and sequence.
Between the less serious forms of manifestation, they are: cecear or stuttering, to
puzzle, to tie cords of the shoes and other fine coordinations. Between most serious it is the incapacity to interpret certain sounds or
or physical words or
Upheavals that affect the motor coordination and other abilities in absence of neurological
These include / understand the difficulty to learn to write, to tie cords of the shoes, to
puzzle and to carry out other tasks that require
who suffer dislexia, generally, have
deficient coordination from small and the
are obvious from early age. They take generally in learning to walk and to speak.
the upheavals that affect the scholastic abilities show generally when the young one already attends the school.
Dislexia goes sometimes united to another kind of
of learning like the disgrafía, that is the difficulty in the correct layout of the letters, in the parallelism of the lines, the size of the letters, the pressure of the writing and the disortografía, that is the difficulty for the correct use of the orthographic rules from most basic to most precise.
Also it is associated to pronunciación difficulties, mainly of new, long words or that contain combinations of letters of the type of which they produce difficulties to him in the reading.
Another related aspect is discalculia, related to the learning of the mathematics.
Between the factors considered like predisponentes, they are:
the inheritance, when some relative with dislexia
existed in the
when being born, caused by bad feeding of the
, drogradicción or abuse of drugs during the
the lack of early stimulation on the part of the parents and other people who take care of the baby, their negligence and abandonment.
Some investigators affirm that also it is possible to have to the excessive or insufficient
of some of the sides or
Important the content of this note is informative and it does not replace specialized the psico - pedagogical and medical diagnosis, reason why we do not become people in
on its use.