DIPHTHERIA

Disease information



DIPHTHERIA - HIPERnatural.COM
2000 - 2013  HIPERnatural.COM
DIPHTHERIA
Diphtheria.

Infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium Difteriae.

It affects the throat, skin, heart, kidneys and central nervous system.

The incubation period (the time between contact with the bacteria and the development of the disease) is 2 to 5 days.

Risk Factors.

Adults older than 65 and children under 5.

Malnutrition.

Unsanitary living conditions.

Lack of immunization (vaccine Diphtheria is included in the "Calendar of Vaccination" child)

Prevention.

Diphtheria vaccine. A reminder is often given every ten years.

Antibiotics, tetanus immunization and passive, if you are not previously immunized, and whether it has been in contact with sick of diphtheria.

Diagnosis and Treatment.

DIAGNOSIS:

Throat culture and blood tests.

TREATMENT:

Hospitalizations and respiratory isolation until the patient's recovery.

In severe cases, the patient requires a tracheostomy and mechanical ventilation.

Prevent secretions in the mouth and nose.

The anti - tetanus is the treatment of choice.

Antibiotics, but kill the Corynebacterium Difteriae play an ancillary role.

Complications.

Heart failure.

Bronchial obstruction and suffocation.

Inflammation of the nerves that causes blurred vision and difficulty swallowing.

Forecast.

Heart failure.

Bronchial obstruction and suffocation.

Inflammation of the nerves that causes blurred vision and difficulty swallowing.

Causes.

The bacterium Corynebacterium Difteriae produces a toxin that is distributed throughout the body, capable of damaging various organs and senses.

Signs and symptoms.

Early State:

Throat discomfort, slight fever and pain in the lymph nodes around his neck, which was swollen.

Membranes appear grayish, acceding in the throat caused by the presence of the bacteria and the toxin.

Advanced:

Air obstruction and breathing difficulties.

Double vision, difficulty speaking and swallowing problems.

Shock with hypotension, palpitations, pale, sweating and anxiety.


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