In the understanding of
of various causes.
They are all characterized by
deterioration acquired over time, progressive and irreversible manner, of all intellectual
and personality, which affects memory,
, the trial, the reasoning ability and So produces disturbance of
We can say that it is
that evolve over
of months at least, discovered this deterioration often haphazard manner and that the patient is not aware of it.
It is not good.
There are no therapies that help cure these
(except in certain dementias secondary to other processes that do have effective treatments and, therefore, cure or arrest the deterioration) so the degree of deterioration of the patient is growing.
Dementias can differentiate between
and secondary depending on the product of another illness or not.
stresses, their frequency, Alzheimer's
whose cause is being investigated intensively at present.
Signs and symptoms.
formerly known as presenile
(reserving the term of senile
for those who appeared after 65 years)
occurs in older people with
slow, progressive course.
Usually, it starts with disturbances of recent memory, is often the subject can not repeat any word that you have read or heard just minutes before,
perfectly preserved the memory of old facts. This shortfall makes it lose the objects or forgetting where you saved.
Over time this impairment of memory becomes more pronounced, affecting longer periods, always from the present into the past.
Subsequently occurs disorientation in time and space, with disregard for the date or the inability to orient themselves in uncommon places and later in places familiar, even to ignore his own room.
They present alterations of
, being typically do not end sentences or are intersected with silences, often giving answers that do not correspond with the question. So over time present difficulties in developing
as usual, arriving after many years totally
on another person.
The second most frequent
is due to cerebro -
Risk Factors / Prevention.
Al ignored the
of most of the dementias, it is difficult to identify the risk factors and how to prevent them,
in secondary dementias, such as
) that it is possible to act on the causes underlying the Most of the cases.
Diagnosis and Treatment.
The diagnosis is based on symptoms, which is usually progressive: that is, the patient enters the insanity at the time, not immediately.
Anyway we should do blood tests, electroencephalograms, CT and other evidence in certain cases to rule out any of the secondary dementias.
The treatment, rehabilitation, seeks to compel the patient to work towards her brain, especially in periods of motors and memory, enabling it to delay the onset of symptoms.
When there many types of
and pseudodemencias, these patients should be evaluated by
specialist because there are effective treatments for some of them.
These treatments should be instituted as soon as possible in the evolution of the
Thus, we can say that some
can be treated specifically, such as those due to:
of the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid (the fluid that bathes the
composed of the brain, the brain stem and
In the case of
for which there is no
treatment, there are palliative treatments (which reduce or eliminate the most troublesome symptoms or disabling) it is worth implementing.
support for the patient and his
as it is
that is beyond the scope strict sanitary becoming
Those derived from
person who can not fend for
, or go out on the
, or dressing, or remember anything.
evolution of Alzheimer's
leads patients to be bed, with the possibility of suffering from wounds that become infected secondarily.
Might suffer from swallowing
(difficulty swallowing) which leads them to states of extreme malnutrition and possibilities of
(lung inflammation) aspiration of gastric contents, often very serious.