caused by Vibrio
Based on the criteria used to classify them, there are two major varieties, classical and El Tor.
produced major pandemics (ie,
by fecal - oral route, contaminated feces in turn contaminate the water used for irrigation or drinking.
The symptoms of
are caused by
toxin that causes secrección fluid into the digestive tract.
Signs and symptoms.
The cardinal symptom is
Begins after one to two days.
In characteristic appearance:
"In water to wash rice" (gray, cloudy, with traces of mucus)
Very abundant (up to 250 ml / kg. 15 liters for
person 60 Kg)
Vomiting may occur.
The loss of water and electrolytes causes:
Drink water or taking of
and fruits without proper hygienic conditions.
Overcrowding and poverty.
Prevent or disinfect water and the
and fruits hygiene dubious:
pad of bleach (sold for human consumption and
variable amount of water in pharmacies and other airports) for the amount of water that is likely to take.
Soak the raw fruits or
in water with
bleach tablet during the time that the instructions advise.
Wash hands thoroughly before eating or handling food.
Diagnosis and Treatment.
The diagnosis is made through the
It may be necessary to carry out blood tests to rule out complications.
For reasons may be useful to conduct epidemiological analysis of feces.
For details in
Information from WHO.
The foundation of treatment is adequate rehydration.
The patient is resting and comfortable.
If you do not have vomiting, shall be restored through
If you have vomiting or severe
, you must administer fluids intravenously initially.
May not be necessary.
Sleep until recovery.
View and prevention measures.
can be fatal, for
With proper treatment in time, heals in