Seven are the amoebas that can be present in the mouth and
of the man: Histolytica Entamoeba, Entamoeba gingivalis, Entamoeba Harmanni, Entamoeba coli, Iodamoeba bütschii, Dientamoeba fragilis and nana Endolimax.
Of all of them single some stocks of the histolytica Entamoeba they can be pathogenic is to say harmful for the man.
that affects all the people, with more frequency to the young people and adults, although also can even appear serious cases in
and in suckling babies. The
can get to cause the death by
, without is not controlled on time.
Although it can appear in any person, the greater incidence are in the tropical places, with
deficient environmental cleaning and warm climate.
trasmite by means of water, foods, utensils or directly by oral route when the infected person does not wash the hands after defecating and introduces it in its mouth since the human being is main reservorio of the parasite.
The evolutionary cycle of this parasite begins with the ingestion of the
cyst which it happens to the
and duodeno and when arriving at the thin
and later to the thickness divides and gives rise to the trofozoitos, that produce ulceraciones of the mucosa, here takes place the elimination of noninfectantes trofozoitos and the infectantes cysts and the parasite can get to be located in organs like the
, the lungs and the brain causing serious damages. The process begins when
person ingests contaminated foods or water and the first symptoms can appear between the 5 and 7 days of the
, although all the people do not present / display annoyances.
Different types from
in agreement with the organ or affected weave exist:
they are the cutaneous
and the amibiásica Pericarditis.
Between the symptoms that appear of progressive form, and depending on the place in which the cysts are located, they are:
Diarrea, generally accompanied by snot and blood.
Fever elevated of 39° and more.
Loss of the appetite and loss of
Nauseas and vomits.
Pain in the
Increase of leukocytes in the blood.
intense Pain in the abdomen, mainly when pressing the one that can be confused with the symptom of other
In serious cases cysts of amoebas in other organs can be detected, causing that these let suitably work and in some cases the death, so is the case of the cysts in the
, that produce from ictericia (
color in the skin) to
insufficiency or those that they suffer by damages to the heart or the lungs. In case of the
abcesos, these only can be identified with
The diagnosis, settles down with clinical history and analysis of blood and coprocultivos is to say analysis of fecal matter, to identify cysts in seriadas samples, is to say several times.
Another study is proctoscopía to observe ulceraciones and the sexológicos studies of contrainmunoelectroforesis and in analysis of blood ELISA.
The treatment, focuses to the elimination of the parasite by means of administered
antibiotics during several days and that have different effects:
Amibicidas luminares that is drugs that conduct their battle to destroy the amoebas in the
, in which the
light is denominated.
Amibicidas of weaves, that destroy the amoebas at level of weaves.
Amibicidas hepáticos, that acts at level of the
Between medicines they are metronidazon, diloxamida format of, emetina and others according to are the gravity and location of the cysts.
The treatment sometimes produces indirect effect like nauseas, vomits, abdominal
still with them the treatment does not have to be suspended.
During the treatment it is important with ingesting spirits and avoiding to do it until several days after finished the prescribed dose.
In order to prevent the
it is necessary:
Improvement the environmental hygienic measures and in the
To wash, to disinfect and to cook foods well before mainly consuming them, those that were watered with black waters as
of leaf and the strawberries.
To avoid to defecate in the Earth, ready for sowing and water bodies.
To boil the water for consumption well.
To wash or the hands, after going bathroom and before touching, preparing or to consume foods.
To avoid the manifold even
To avoid to eat in the
and sites in where the hygiene is deficient or doubtful.
The content of this note is informative and it does not replace the medical diagnosis, reason why we do not become people in
on its use.