Disease information

2000 - 2013  HIPERnatural.COM

Brain disorder characterized by a gradual mental deterioration.

There is a rapidly progressive form that begins to 36 - 45 years.

Another more gradual, appears to 65 - 70.

It affects 5 - 10% of those over 65 years.


Damage or loss of neurons in the brain, caused by still unknown, although it is one of the diseases, along with AIDS, which is investigating more intensely around the world.

For the moment have been described mutations (changes) in certain genes (PS1 and PS2) that cause disease, but only a small proportion of patients.

Signs and symptoms.

The most characteristic symptoms are:

Early Stage.

Loss of memory for recent events.

Progressive loss of ability to execute small things such as routine work, home, etc.

Changes in personality and the ability of trial.

Advanced stages.

Trouble making small decisions such as choosing clothes, etc.

Inability to recognize people close to the family.

Lack of interest in personal hygiene.

Difficulties for food.

Belligerence, everything is wrong.

Loss of social and sexual.

Anxiety and insomnia.

Terminal stages.

Complete loss of memory, the ability to speak and functions of muscle and sphincters.

Extreme belligerence, for any item, or complete docility.

Risk Factors.

Family history of Alzheimer's.



Does not exist.

Diagnosis and Treatment.


The diagnosis is made, so attempt by questioning the patient and their family members and by the TAC skull, which is observed circunvoluciones atrophy of the brain, are discarded and other causes of dementia.

The definitive diagnosis is made by brain biopsy (taking of brain tissue for microscopic study) which showed lesions characteristic of the disease:

Neuronal degeneration,

Plates "senile" and.


Given their aggressiveness (need to open the skull and take a long needle with a sample of brain tissue deep) is a technique that is not used routinely, reserving for research.


The most effective is to reduce the symptoms:

Repeat to improve memory problems.

It has been shown that pursued the memory of his late loss in these patients.

Converse with close relatives to avoid the turmoil.

Distract the patient who is frustrated and nervous.

Psychotherapy support to family members.

General Measures.

Improving safety in the house, put up barriers on the stairs, locks on doors, slip - resistant mats in the bathrooms.

Identifying the bracelet with a patient or medal if you lose.


Despite progress in understanding the disease, the therapeutic arsenal is very limited and inefficient.


Decreased resistance to infection.

Cachexia (extreme malnutrition; is not related to food, but these patients have difficulty feeding)

Stroke and coma.



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