gradual mental deterioration.
rapidly progressive form that begins to 36 - 45 years.
Another more gradual, appears to 65 - 70.
It affects 5 - 10% of those over 65 years.
Damage or loss of neurons in the brain, caused by still unknown, although it is one of the
, along with
, which is investigating more intensely around the world.
For the moment have been described mutations (changes) in certain genes (PS1 and PS2) that cause
small proportion of patients.
Signs and symptoms.
The most characteristic symptoms are:
Loss of memory for recent events.
Progressive loss of ability to execute small things such as routine work,
Changes in personality and the ability of trial.
Trouble making small decisions such as choosing clothes, etc.
Inability to recognize people close to the
Lack of interest in personal hygiene.
Difficulties for food.
Belligerence, everything is wrong.
Complete loss of memory, the ability to speak and
Extreme belligerence, for any item, or complete docility.
history of Alzheimer's.
Does not exist.
Diagnosis and Treatment.
The diagnosis is made, so attempt by questioning the patient and their
members and by the TAC skull, which is observed circunvoluciones
of the brain, are discarded and other causes of
The definitive diagnosis is made by brain biopsy (taking of brain tissue for microscopic study) which showed lesions characteristic of the
Plates "senile" and.
Given their aggressiveness (need to open the skull and take
long needle with
sample of brain tissue deep) is
technique that is not used routinely, reserving for research.
The most effective is to reduce the symptoms:
Repeat to improve memory
been shown that pursued the memory of his late loss in these patients.
Converse with close relatives to avoid the turmoil.
Distract the patient who is frustrated and
Psychotherapy support to
Improving safety in the house, put up barriers on the stairs, locks on doors, slip - resistant mats in the bathrooms.
Identifying the bracelet with
patient or medal if you lose.
Despite progress in understanding the
, the therapeutic arsenal is very limited and inefficient.
Decreased resistance to
Cachexia (extreme malnutrition; is not related to food,
these patients have difficulty feeding)